Hyperemesis gravidarum

Hyperemesis gravidarum
Excessive vomiting in early pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum, by definition, leads to the loss of 5% or more of the body weight of the woman. Hyperemesis gravidarum affects about one in every 300 pregnant women. It is more common in young women, in first pregnancies and in women with multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc.) Hyperemesis gravidarum is usually self-limited (stops on its own) and, although very inconvenient and very discomforting, it is usually of little clinical consequence. However, sometimes hyperemesis can keep the mother from getting the necessary fluids and nutrition. Some women with hyperemesis gravidarum have high concentrations of the hormones hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), estrogen, or thyroid hormone in the blood. A few of them also have clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism (over-active thyroid state). The treatment of mild hyperemesis gravidarum is usually with dietary measures, rest and antacids. Very severe hyperemesis gravidarum may call for intravenous fluid and nutrition. Hyperemesis gravidarum is the medical name for excessive vomiting in pregnancy. Hyper means "over"; emesis means "vomiting"; gravidarum means "pregnant state."

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hyperemesis grav·i·dar·um -.grav-ə-'dar-əm n excessive vomiting during pregnancy

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severe vomiting during pregnancy. It starts in early pregnancy and may continue to produce marked dehydration and subsequent liver damage. Rarely, the condition worsens in spite of active treatment; under such circumstances it may be necessary to terminate the pregnancy.

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severe, pernicious morning sickness.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Hyperemesis gravidarum — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 O21.0 Leichte Hyperemesis gravidarum O21.1 Hyperemesis gravidarum mit Stoffwechselstörung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hyperemesis gravidarum — noun hyperemesis during pregnancy; if severe it can result in damage to the brain and liver and kidney • Hypernyms: ↑hyperemesis * * * ˌgravəˈda(a)rəm noun Etymology: New Latin, literally, excessive vomiting in pregnant women : excessive vomiting …   Useful english dictionary

  • hyperemesis gravidarum — persistent vomiting during pregnancy, which causes weight loss and ketosis. In severe cases, if inadequately or inappropriately treated, it may cause liver damage and Wernicke s encephalopathy; in such cases it may be necessary to terminate the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gravidarum — see HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM …   Medical dictionary

  • hyperemesis — /haɪpərˈɛməsəs/ (say huypuhr emuhsuhs) noun excessive vomiting, especially hyperemesis gravidarum, excessive vomiting occurring during pregnancy …  

  • hyperemesis — noun severe and excessive vomiting • Hypernyms: ↑vomit, ↑vomiting, ↑emesis, ↑regurgitation, ↑disgorgement, ↑puking • Hyponyms: ↑hyperemesis gravidarum * * * |hīpə( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Рвота Беременных Неукротимая (Hyperemesis Gravidarum) — сильная рвота, открывающаяся у женщины во время беременности. Чаще всего она начинается на ранних сроках беременности и может приводить к резкому обезвоживанию организма и последующему поражению печени. Редко, в случае, если несмотря на… …   Медицинские термины

  • hyperemesis — Excessive vomiting. [hyper + G. emesis, vomiting] h. gravidarum pernicious vomiting in pregnancy. h. lactentium vomiting by nursing infants with pyloric stenosis. * * * hy·per·eme·sis em ə səs …   Medical dictionary

  • Pregnancy, hyperemesis of — Excessive vomiting during pregnancy which, by definition, leads to the loss of 5% or more of the body weight of the woman. Also called hyperemesis gravidarum, the disorder affects one in every 300 pregnant women. It is more common in young women …   Medical dictionary

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