A protein found in wheat and some other grains, which is part of the wheat gluten. People with celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and related conditions may be sensitive to gliadin in the diet. In these conditions, antibodies to gliadin can often be detected in the blood.
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A class of protein, separable from wheat and rye glutens; a member of the prolamins (proline-rich proteins), which are insoluble in water, absolute alcohol, and neutral solvents, but soluble in 50–90% alcohol.

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gli·a·din 'glī-əd-ən n PROLAMIN esp one obtained by alcoholic extraction of gluten from wheat and rye

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a protein, soluble in alcohol, that is obtained from wheat. It is one of the constituents of gluten.

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gli·a·din (gliґə-din) [Gr. glia glue] a protein of the prolamin group, found in wheat and occurring in various forms (α-, β-, γ-, and ω-gliadins); it contains the toxic factor associated with celiac disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Gliadin — is a glycoprotein present in wheat and several other cereals within the grass genus Triticum . Gliadins are prolamins and are separated on the basis of electrophoretic mobility and isoelectric focusing. Types * α /β gliadins soluble in low… …   Wikipedia

  • Gliadin — Gli a*din, n. [Gr. ? glue: cf. F. gliadine.] (Chem.) Vegetable glue or gelatin; glutin. It is one of the constituents of wheat gluten, and is a tough, amorphous substance, which resembles animal glue or gelatin. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gliadīn — (Phytocolla, Pflanzenleim), in dem Samen der Getreidearten enthaltene Protëinsubstanz; es ist eine durchscheinende, harte, in feuchtem Zustande klebrige u. elastische Masse, unlöslich in Wasser, leicht löslich in kochendem Alkohol, beim Erkalten… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gliadīn — Gliadīn, s. Kleber …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gliadin — Gliadīn (grch.), s. Kleber …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gliadin — Gliadin, s. Glutin …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • gliadin — [glī′ə din] n. [Fr gliadine < MGr glia, glue (akin to Gr gloios: for base see CLAY) + d + Fr ine, IN1] any of a group of simple vegetable proteins found in gluten …   English World dictionary

  • Gliadin — α /β Gliadin Oberflächenmodell von Immunglobulin HLA DQ mit Gliadin komplexiert nach PDB  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gliadin — noun Etymology: Italian gliadina, from Middle Greek glia Date: circa 1828 prolamin; especially one obtained by alcoholic extraction of gluten from wheat and rye …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gliadin — Group of proline rich proteins found in cereal seeds constituting the major storage protein. Associate with glutenin to form gluten …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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