Infection of the blood with microfilariae. M. caused by Wuchereria bancrofti is characterized by sharp nocturnal periodicity, apparently tied to the nocturnal habits of the vector mosquitoes; in geographic areas where mosquitoes are not strictly night-biters (as in parts of Polynesia), the microfilarial periodicity is modified or absent. SEE ALSO: periodic filariasis.

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mi·cro·fil·a·re·mia or chiefly Brit mi·cro·fil·a·rae·mia -.fil-ə-'rē-mē-ə n the presence of microfilariae in the blood of one affected with some forms of filariasis

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mi·cro·fil·a·re·mia (mi″kro-fil″ə-reґme-ə) the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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