The process of chewing food in preparation for deglutition and digestion; the act of grinding or comminuting with the teeth. [L. mastico, pp. -atus, to chew]

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the process of chewing food.

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mas·ti·ca·tion (mas″tĭ-kaґshən) [L. masticare to chew] chewing; the process of biting and grinding food in preparation for swallowing and digestion.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • mastication — [ mastikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. méd. masticatio ♦ Action de mâcher; son résultat. Mastication et déglutition. ● mastication nom féminin (bas latin masticatio, onis) Action de broyer des aliments à l aide des dents, considérée comme la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mastication — Mas ti*ca tion, n. [L. masticatio: cf. F. mastication.] The act or operation of masticating; chewing, as of food. [1913 Webster] Mastication is a necessary preparation of solid aliment, without which there can be no good digestion. Arbuthnot.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mastication — Mastication, lat. dtsch., das Kauen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • mastication — early 15c., from O.Fr. masticacion and directly from L. masticationem (nom. masticatio), noun of action from masticare to chew (source of O.Fr. maschier, Fr. mácher), probably from a Greek source related to mastikhan to gnash the teeth, from PIE… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mastication — Chew and Chewing redirect here. For other uses, see Chew (disambiguation). A monkey using mastication to process tough plant matter Mastication or chewing is the process by which food is crushed and ground by teeth. It is the first step of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mastication — La mastication est un phénomène qui fait appel aux muscles de la mâchoire. Elle constitue la première phase de la digestion (ce qui est souvent ignoré). Les aliments contenus dans la cavité buccale sont écrasés et déchiquetés par les dents. Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mastication — (ma sti ka sion) s. f. Terme de physiologie. Action de mâcher. •   La mastication, qui fait une grande partie de la jouissance de ce sens [le goût], leur manque [aux oiseaux], BUFF. Ois. t. I, p. 53. HISTORIQUE    XVIe s. •   Les muscles en… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • MASTICATION — s. f. T. de Médecine. Action de mâcher. Une bonne mastication prépare une bonne digestion …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • MASTICATION — n. f. T. de Médecine Action de mâcher. Une bonne mastication prépare une bonne digestion …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • mastication — noun a) The process of chewing. It is more blasphemous than that thing which is swiping our meat, I replied, for whatever the thing was, it had leaped upon our deer and was devouring it in great mouthfuls which it swallowed without mastication.… …   Wiktionary

  • mastication — masticate ► VERB ▪ chew (food). DERIVATIVES mastication noun. ORIGIN Latin masticare, from Greek mastikhan grind the teeth …   English terms dictionary

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