1. Incision into a lobe. 2. Division of one or more nerve tracts in a lobe of the cerebrum. [G. lobos, lobe, + tome, a cutting]
- prefrontal l. division of one or more nerve tracts in the prefrontal area of the brain for surgical treatment of pain and emotional disorder. SYN: prefrontal leukotomy.
- transorbital l. l. by an approach through the roof of the orbit, behind the frontal sinus. SYN: transorbital leukotomy.

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lo·bot·o·my lō-'bät-ə-mē n, pl -mies surgical severance of nerve fibers connecting the frontal lobes to the thalamus performed esp. formerly for the relief of some mental disorders called also leukotomy compare LOBECTOMY

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lo·bot·o·my (lo-botґə-me) incision into a lobe; in psychosurgery, surgical incision of all the fibers of a lobe of the brain.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • lobotomy — n. (Med., Surgery) The surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain, by cutting into the brain. Syn: prefrontal lobotomy, prefrontal leucotomy. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lobotomy — 1936, coined from LOBE (Cf. lobe) (in the brain sense) + medical suffix TOMY (Cf. tomy). Figurative use is attested from 1953. Now I guess I ll have to tell em That I got no cerebellum [Ramones, Teenage Lobotomy, 1977] …   Etymology dictionary

  • lobotomy — ► NOUN (pl. lobotomies) ▪ a surgical operation involving incision into the prefrontal lobe of the brain, formerly used to treat mental illness …   English terms dictionary

  • lobotomy — [lō bät′ə mē] n. pl. lobotomies [< LOBE + TOMY] a surgical operation in which a lobe of the brain, esp. the frontal lobe of the cerebrum, is cut into or across: now rarely used as a treatment for psychoses …   English World dictionary

  • Lobotomy — A lobotomy (Greek: lobos: Lobe of brain, tomos: cut/slice ) is a form of psychosurgery, also known as a leukotomy or leucotomy (from Greek leukos: clear or white and tomos meaning cut/slice ). It consists of cutting the connections to and from… …   Wikipedia

  • Lobotomy —    (from 1935)    Also called leukotomy. Although the Swiss psychiatrist and asylum director Gottlieb Burckhardt (1836–1907) had earlier made some tentative and quite unsuccessful efforts at operating on the brain for psychiatric indications (see …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • lobotomy — /leuh bot euh mee, loh /, n., pl. lobotomies. Surg. 1. the operation of cutting into a lobe, as of the brain or the lung. 2. See prefrontal lobotomy. * * * Surgical procedure in which nerve pathways in a lobe or lobes of the brain are severed… …   Universalium

  • lobotomy — UK [ləʊˈbɒtəmɪ] / US [ləˈbɑtəmɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms lobotomy : singular lobotomy plural lobotomies medical a medical operation in which part of someone s brain is removed as a way of treating serious mental illness …   English dictionary

  • lobotomy — Synonyms and related words: amygdalotomy, ankylotomy, arteriotomy, blepharotomy, caesarean, cardiotomy, celiotomy, cholecystotomy, cirsotomy, coccygotomy, colpotomy, craniotomy, cystotomy, embryotomy, enterotomy, gastroenterotomy, gastrotomy,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • lobotomy — [[t]ləbɒ̱təmi[/t]] lobotomies N VAR A lobotomy is a surgical operation in which some of the nerves in the brain are cut in order to treat severe mental illness. [MEDICAL] …   English dictionary

  • lobotomy n — I d rather have a full bottle in front of me than have a full frontal lobotomy …   English expressions

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