Falciparum malaria

Falciparum malaria
The most dangerous type of malaria. Persons carrying the sickle cell gene have some protection against malaria. Persons with a gene for hemoglobin C (another abnormal hemoglobin like sickle hemoglobin), thalassemia trait or deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) are thought also to have partial protection against malaria.

* * *

fal·cip·a·rum malaria fal-'sip-ə-rəm-, fȯl- n severe malaria caused by a parasite of the genus Plasmodium (P. falciparum) and marked by irrregular recurrence of paroxysms and usu. prolonged or continuous fever called also malignant malaria, malignant tertian malaria, subtertian malaria compare VIVAX MALARIA

* * *

malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum, in which febrile paroxysms recur irregularly. It is the most severe form of malaria and has the highest levels of parasites in the blood; sometimes it is fatal. It is also the type most likely to be associated with pernicious symptoms, which are the result of sludging and formation in the capillaries of microinfarcts consisting of erythrocytes infected with later stages of P. falciparum. Microinfarctions may occur in the brain, liver, adrenal gland, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, lungs, or other organs. Called also malignant tertian m. and pernicious m. See also blackwater fever, under fever.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • falciparum malaria — fa]lˈsipərəm , fȯ] noun Etymology: falciparum, New Latin (specific epithet of Plasmodium falciparum), from Latin falci (from falc , falx sickle) + Latin parum (neuter of parus parous) : severe malaria caused by a malaria parasite (Plasmodium… …   Useful english dictionary

  • falciparum malaria — noun Etymology: New Latin, specific epithet, from Latin falc , falx + parum, neuter of parus parous Date: 1940 extremely severe malaria caused by a sporozoan parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Plasmodium falciparum malaria — falciparum m …   Medical dictionary

  • Malaria — Classification and external resources Ring forms and gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum in human blood. ICD 10 B …   Wikipedia

  • Malaria vaccine — Malaria vaccines are an area of intensive research. However, there is no effective vaccine that has been introduced into clinical practice. The global burden of P. falciparum malaria increased through the 1990s due to drug resistant parasites and …   Wikipedia

  • Malaria prophylaxis — is a preventative treatment of malaria. Most adults from endemic areas have a degree of long term infection, which tends to recur, and also possess partial immunity (resistance); the resistance reduces with time, and such adults may become… …   Wikipedia

  • falciparum — /fal sipˈə rəm/ noun (also falciparum malaria) a severe form of malaria, caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum ORIGIN: L falx, falcis a sickle, and parere to bear …   Useful english dictionary

  • Malaria Control Project — is an application that makes use of network computing for stochastic modelling of the clinical epidemiology and natural history of Plasmodium falciparum malaria Computing platform Using the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing… …   Wikipedia

  • Malaria — Paludisme Classifications CIM du Paludisme Classification et ressources externes CIM 10 B50 à B54 CIM 9 084 (84.0 à 84.9) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malaria antigen detection tests — A schematic diagram of a dipstick Malaria antigen detection tests are a group of commercially available tests that allow the rapid diagnosis of malaria by people who are not otherwise skilled in traditional laboratory techniques for diagnosing… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”