ketosis

ketosis
A condition characterized by the enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation. [ketone + -osis, condition]
- bovine k. a common metabolic disease of cows which appears as a rule within a few weeks after parturition; characterized by hypoglycemia, ketonuria, loss of appetite, lethargy, loss of milk production, and rapid emaciation.

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ke·to·sis kē-'tō-səs n, pl -to·ses -.sēz
1) an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the body in conditions of reduced or disturbed carbohydrate metabolism (as in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus) compare ACIDOSIS, ALKALOSIS
2) a nutritional disease of cattle and sometimes sheep, goats, or swine that is marked by reduction of blood sugar and the presence of ketone bodies in the blood, tissues, milk, and urine and is associated with digestive and nervous disturbances
ke·tot·ic -'tät-ik adj

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n.
raised levels of ketone bodies in the body tissues. Ketone bodies are normal products of fat metabolism and can be oxidized to produce energy. Elevated levels arise when there is an imbalance in fat metabolism, such as occurs in diabetes mellitus or starvation. Ketosis may result in severe acidosis. See also ketonuria.

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ke·to·sis (ke-toґsis) abnormally elevated concentration of ketone bodies in the body tissues and fluids when fatty acids are incompletely metabolized, a complication of diabetes mellitus, starvation, and alcoholism. See also ketoacidosis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • ketosis — 1900, from keto , comb. form of KETONE (Cf. ketone), + OSIS (Cf. osis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ketosis — [kē tō′sis] n. [ModL < KET(O) + OSIS] a condition in which there is excessive formation of ketones in the body …   English World dictionary

  • Ketosis — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = Ketone bodies DiseasesDB = 29485 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|276.2 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D007662Ketosis (pronEng|kiːˈtoʊsɪs) is a state in metabolism occurring when …   Wikipedia

  • ketosis — /ki toh sis/, n. Pathol. the accumulation of excessive ketones in the body, as in diabetic acidosis. [1915 20; KET + OSIS] * * * ▪ pathology       metabolic disorder marked by high levels of ketones in the tissues and body fluids, including blood …   Universalium

  • ketosis — n. raised levels of ketone bodies in the body tissues. Ketone bodies are normal products of fat metabolism and can be oxidized to produce energy. Elevated levels arise when there is an imbalance in fat metabolism, such as occurs in diabetes… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • ketosis of ruminants — ketosis in cows and ewes during times of increased bodily mobilization of fat stores, usually just after they have given birth. See fat cow syndrome and pregnancy toxemia in ewes …   Medical dictionary

  • ketosis-resistant diabetes — noun mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus — noun mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ketosis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1917 an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the body • ketotic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ketosis — Metabolic production of abnormal amounts of ketones. A consequence of diabetes mellitus …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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