kerosene

kerosene
A mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons, chiefly of the methane series; the fifth fraction in the distillation of petroleum, used as fuel for lamps and stoves, as a degreaser and cleaner, and in insecticides. Contact on human skin can lead to irritation and infection; inhalation may cause headache, drowsiness, coma; swallowing causes irritation, vomiting, and diarrhea. Vomiting should not be induced, as aspiration of vomitus causes pneumonitis. [G. keros, wax, + -ene]

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ker·o·sene also ker·o·sine 'ker-ə-.sēn, .ker-ə-', 'kar-, .kar- n a flammable hydrocarbon oil usu. obtained by distillation of petroleum and used for a fuel and as a solvent and thinner (as in insecticide emulsions)

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ker·o·sene (kerґo-sēn) a colorless volatile liquid distilled from petroleum; it is used as a reagent, as engine fuel, and in insecticides, and is irritating to the skin and toxic by inhalation.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Kerosene — Kerosene, sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage, [Webster s New World College Dictionary, kerosene .] is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid. The name is derived from Greek keros (κηρός wax). The word Kerosene was registered… …   Wikipedia

  • Kérosène — Général No CAS 8008 20 6 No EINECS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kérosène — [ kerozɛn ] n. m. • 1863; var. kérosine 1862; du gr. kêros « cire » et ène ♦ Pétrole lampant obtenu par distillation des huiles brutes de pétrole. Le kérosène est utilisé pour l alimentation des réacteurs d avions. ● kérosène nom masculin (grec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kerosene — Kérosène Kérosène Général No CAS 8008 20 6 No EINECS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kerosene — Ker o*sene , n. [Gr. ? wax.] An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also {coal oil}. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kerosene — 1852, coined irregularly by Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner (1797 1864), who discovered how to distill it c.1846, from Gk. keros wax + chemical suffix ene. So called because it contains paraffin (hence the British English name, paraffin oil) …   Etymology dictionary

  • kerosene — (also kerosine) ► NOUN ▪ a light fuel oil obtained by distilling petroleum, used especially in jet engines and domestic heating boilers; paraffin oil. ORIGIN from Greek k ros wax …   English terms dictionary

  • kerosene — ☆ kerosene [ker′ə sēn΄, ker΄ə sēn′ ] n. [Gr kēros, wax + ENE] a thin oil distilled from petroleum or shale oil, used as a fuel, solvent, illuminant, etc.; coal oil: also, esp. in scientific and industrial usage, sp. kerosine …   English World dictionary

  • kerosene — /ker euh seen , kar , ker euh seen , kar /, n. 1. a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like, and widely used as a fuel, cleaning solvent, etc. adj. 2. using or fueled by kerosene: a kerosene… …   Universalium

  • kerosene — (#1 fuel oil)    Flash point generally between 100 and 150° F. Explosive limits of 0.7% to 5.0%. Kerosene consists mostly of C9 through C17 hydrocarbons. In order to be identified as kerosene, a sample extract must exhibit a homologous series… …   Forensic science glossary

  • Kerosene —   A type of heating fuel derived by refining crude oil that has a boiling range at atmospheric pressure from 400 degrees to 550 degrees F.   ***   A light petroleum distillate that is used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters and is… …   Energy terms

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