incompetence, incompetency

incompetence, incompetency
1. The quality of being incompetent or incapable of performing the allotted function, especially failure of cardiac or venous valves to close completely. 2. In forensic psychiatry, the inability to distinguish right from wrong or to manage one's affairs. [L. in-, neg. + com-peto, strive after together]
- aortic i. defective closure of the aortic valve permitting regurgitation into the left ventricle during diastole.
- cardiac i. inability of the ventricles to pump out the blood returning to the atria fast enough to prevent an abnormal rise in atrial pressure or to pump sufficient blood to maintain normal circulatory function.
- cardiac valvular i. failure of a valve to perform its fundamental function : insurance of one-way flow; manifested by regurgitation of blood in the opposite direction when the valve is supposed to be closed.
- mitral i. defective closure of the mitral valve permitting regurgitation into the left atrium during systole.
- muscular i. imperfect closure of an anatomically normal cardiac valve, in consequence of defective action of its papillary muscles.
- pulmonary i., pulmonic i. defective closure of the pulmonic valve permitting regurgitation into the right ventricle during diastole.
- pyloric i. a patulous state or want of tone of the pylorus that allows the passage of food into the intestine before gastric digestion is completed.
- relative i. imperfect closure of a cardiac valve, in consequence of excessive dilation of the corresponding cavity of the heart.
- tricuspid i. defective closure of the tricuspid valve permitting regurgitation into the right atrium during systole.
- valvular i. SYN: valvular regurgitation.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • incompetency — in·com·pe·ten·cy /in käm pə tən sē/ n: incompetence Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. incompetency …   Law dictionary

  • Incompetence — In*com pe*tence, Incompetency In*com pe*tency, n. [Cf. F. incomp[ e]tence.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality or state of being incompetent; lack of physical, intellectual, or moral ability; lack of qualifications or training (for a particular task); …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Incompetency — Incompetence In*com pe*tence, Incompetency In*com pe*tency, n. [Cf. F. incomp[ e]tence.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality or state of being incompetent; lack of physical, intellectual, or moral ability; lack of qualifications or training (for a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • incompetency — (n.) 1610s; see INCOMPETENCE (Cf. incompetence) …   Etymology dictionary

  • incompetence — (n.) 1660s, inadequacy; 1716, want of skill, from Fr. incompétence (mid 16c.), from in not, opposite of, without (see IN (Cf. in ) (1)) + compétence (see COMPETENCE (Cf. competence)). Native formation incompetency (from INCOMPETENT (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • incompetence — noun 1. lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑incompetency • Ant: ↑competence • Derivationally related forms: ↑incompetent (for: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • incompetency — noun lack of physical or intellectual ability or qualifications • Syn: ↑incompetence • Ant: ↑competence (for: ↑incompetence) • Derivationally related forms: ↑incompetent, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • incompetence — /in kom pi teuhns/, n. 1. the quality or condition of being incompetent; lack of ability. 2. Law. the condition of lacking power to act with legal effectiveness. Also, incompetency. [1655 65; var. (with ENCE for ENCY) of earlier incompetency. See …   Universalium

  • incompetency — incompetent ► ADJECTIVE 1) not sufficiently skilful to do something successfully. 2) Law not qualified to act in a particular capacity. ► NOUN ▪ an incompetent person. DERIVATIVES incompetence noun incompetency noun incompetently adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • incompetency — in·com·pe·ten·cy ən sē n, pl cies INCOMPETENCE * * * in·com·pe·ten·cy (in komґpə tən″se) incompetence …   Medical dictionary

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