- The eye gnats, a genus of flies in the family Chloropidae (fruit flies) that are attracted to the body secretions and fluids of animals and humans, particularly those in the eyes. H. is suspected of transmitting certain types of conjunctivitis (such as pinkeye), bovine mastitis, and yaws (frambesia tropica). [G. h., driver of horses]
* * *Hip·pe·la·tes .hip-ə-'lāt-(.)ēz n a genus of small black American eye gnats of the family Chloropidae including some that are held to be vectors of conjunctivitis or yaws
* * *n.a genus of small flies. The adults of H. pallipes are suspected of transmitting yaws in the West Indies. Other species of Hippelates may be involved in the transmission of conjunctivitis.
* * *Hip·pe·la·tes (hip″ə-laґtēz) a genus of small flies of the family Chloropidae. H. flaґvipes and H. palґlipes may be mechanical vectors of yaws in Haiti and Jamaica. H. puґsio is the eye gnat, a mechanical vector of epidemic conjunctivitis across the entire southern part of the United States.
Medical dictionary. 2011.