The portion of the upper limb distal to the radiocarpal joint, comprising the wrist, palm, and fingers. SYN: manus [TA], main. [A.S.]
- accoucheur h. position of the h. in tetany or in muscular dystrophy; the fingers are flexed at the metacarpophalangeal joints and extended at the phalangeal joints, with the thumb flexed and adducted into the palm; in resemblance to the position of the physician's h. in making a vaginal examination. SYN: obstetric h..
- ape h. a deformity marked by extension of the thumb in the same plane as the palm and fingers. SYN: monkey h., monkey-paw.
- cleft h. a congenital deformity in which the division between the fingers, especially between the third and fourth, extends into the metacarpal region. SEE ALSO: lobster-claw deformity. SYN: split h..
- club h. congenital or acquired angulation deformity of h. associated with partial or complete absence of radius or ulna; usually with intrinsic deformities of the h. in congenital variants.
- crab h. SYN: erysipeloid.
- dorsum of h. [TA] the back of the h.. SYN: dorsum manus [TA].
- drop h. SYN: wrist-drop.
- ghoul h. a condition seen in African blacks, probably a manifestation of tertiary yaws, marked by depigmentation of the palms and contraction of the skin which give a clawlike and corpselike appearance to the hands.
- Marinesco succulent h. edema of the h. with coldness and lividity of the skin, observed in syringomyelia. SYN: main succulente.
- monkey h. SYN: ape h..
- obstetric h. SYN: accoucheur h..
- opera-glass h. a deformity of the h. seen in chronic absorptive arthritis, the fingers and wrists being shortened and the covering skin wrinkled into transverse folds; the phalanges appear to be retracted into one another like an opera glass or miniature telescope.
- simian h. deformity in which there is flattening of the thenar eminence, and the thumb lies adducted and extended; usually due to a median nerve lesion.
- skeleton h. extension of fingers with atrophy of tissues; occurs in progressive muscular atrophy.
- spade h. the coarse, thick, square h. of acromegaly or myxedema.
- split h. SYN: cleft h..
- trident h. a h. in which the fingers are of nearly equal length and deflected at the first interphalangeal joint, so as to give a forklike shape; seen in achondroplasia.
- writing h. a contraction of the h. muscles in parkinsonism, bringing the fingers somewhat into the position of holding a pen.

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hand 'hand n, often attrib
1 a ) (1) the terminal part of the vertebrate forelimb when modified (as in humans) as a grasping organ (2) the forelimb segment (as the terminal section of a bird's wing) of a vertebrate higher than the fishes that corresponds to the hand irrespective of its form or functional specialization
b) a part serving the function of or resembling a hand esp the hind foot of an ape
c) something resembling a hand esp an indicator or pointer on a dial
2) a unit of measure equal to 4 inches or 10.2 centimeters used esp. for the height of horses

* * *

the terminal organ of the upper limb. From a surgical point of view, the human hand comprises the eight bones of the carpus (wrist), the five metacarpal bones, and the phalangeal bones plus the surrounding tissues; anatomically, the bones and tissues of the wrist are excluded. The hand is a common site of infections and injuries, many of which are of industrial origin for which compensation may be claimed.

* * *

(hand) the distal region of the upper limb, including the carpus, metacarpus, and digits. In official terminology, called manus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • hand — hand …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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  • Hand — (h[a^]nd), n. [AS. hand, hond; akin to D., G., & Sw. hand, OHG. hant, Dan. haand, Icel. h[ o]nd, Goth. handus, and perh. to Goth. hin[thorn]an to seize (in comp.). Cf. {Hunt}.] 1. That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in man and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hand — [hand] n. [ME < OE, akin to Goth handus < base of hinthan, to seize (hence, basic sense “grasper”) < ? IE base * kent , ? to seize] I 1. the part of the human body attached to the end of the forearm, including the wrist, palm, fingers,… …   English World dictionary

  • hand — ► NOUN 1) the end part of the arm beyond the wrist. 2) (before another noun ) operated by or held in the hand. 3) (before another noun or in combination ) done or made manually. 4) a pointer on a clock or watch indicating the passing of units of… …   English terms dictionary

  • Hand — Hand: Die gemeingerm. Körperteilbezeichnung mhd., ahd. hant, got. handus, engl. hand, schwed. hand gehört wahrscheinlich als ablautende Substantivbildung zu der Sippe von got. hinÞan »fangen, greifen« und bedeutet demnach eigentlich »Greiferin,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Hand — (h[a^]nd), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Handed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Handing}.] 1. To give, pass, or transmit with the hand; as, he handed them the letter. [1913 Webster] 2. To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct; as, to hand a lady into a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hand — Sf std. (8. Jh.), mhd. hant, ahd. hant, as. hand Stammwort. Aus g. * handu f. Hand , auch in gt. handus, anord. ho̧nd, ae. hond, afr. hand, hond. Herkunft umstritten. Denkbar ist ein Anschluß an g. * henþ a Vst. fangen, ergreifen in gt.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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