Denoting brains, such as that of humans, in which the cerebral cortex has convolutions, in contrast to the lissencephalic (smooth) brains of small mammals such as the rodents. [G. gyros, ring (gyrus), + enkaphale, brain]

* * *

gy·ren·ce·phal·ic (ji″rən-sə-falґik) having cerebral hemispheres marked by convolutions, such as normally occurs in humans and some other animals. Cf. lissencephalic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • lissencephalic — Pertaining to, or characterized by, lissencephalia. * * * lis·sen·ce·phal·ic (lis″ən sə falґik) 1. having cerebral hemispheres without or with only shallow convolutions, the normal appearance of the brain of many animals (e.g.,… …   Medical dictionary

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