A duct or walled passageway. Our word "duct" is a contraction of the Latin word "ductus" meaning "leading". The Romans, however, preferred the word "canalis" meaning "a pipe or gutter" for a conduit. The term "ductus" also refers a key arterial shunt (ductus) in fetal life. Before birth, blood pumped from the heart through the pulmonary artery toward the lungs is shunted into the aorta. This arterial shunt, a short vessel, is the ductus arteriosus. When the shunt is open, it is said to be patent. The ductus arteriosus usually closes at or shortly after birth, permitting blood from that moment on to course from the heart directly to the lungs. However, if the ductus arteriosus remains open (patent), flow reverses and blood from the aorta is shunted into the pulmonary artery and recirculated through the lungs. A patent ductus may close later spontaneously (on its own) or need to be ligated (tied off) surgically.
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SYN: duct. [L. a leading, fr. duco, pp. d., to lead]
- d. aberrantes SYN: aberrant ductules, under ductule.
- d. arteriosus a fetal vessel connecting the left pulmonary artery with the descending aorta; in the first two months after birth, it normally changes into a fibrous cord, the ligamentum arteriosum; persistent postnatal patentcy is a correctable cardiovascular handicap. SYN: arterial canal, arterial duct, Botallo duct.
- d. biliaris [TA] SYN: bile duct (2).
- d. biliferi SYN: biliary ductules, under ductule.
- d. caroticus a portion of the embryonic dorsal aorta between points of juncture with the third and fourth arch arteries; it disappears early in development. SYN: carotid duct.
- d. choledochus [TA] SYN: bile duct (1).
- d. cochlearis [TA] SYN: cochlear duct.
- d. cysticus [TA] SYN: cystic duct.
- d. deferens [TA] the secretory duct of the testicle, running from the epididymis, of which it is the continuation, to the prostatic urethra where it terminates as the ejaculatory duct. SYN: deferent canal, deferent duct, spermatic duct, spermiduct (1), testicular duct, vas deferens.
- d. deferens vestigialis SYN: longitudinal duct of epoöphoron.
- d. diverticulum SYN: ductal aneurysm.
- d. dorsopancreaticus SYN: accessory pancreatic duct.
- d. ejaculatorius [TA] SYN: ejaculatory duct.
- d. endolymphaticus [TA] SYN: endolymphatic duct.
- d. epididymidis [TA] SYN: duct of epididymis.
- d. excretorius SYN: excretory duct.
- d. excretorius glandulae vesiculosae [TA]
- d. excretorius vesiculae seminalis [TA] SYN: excretory duct of seminal gland.
- d. glandulae bulbourethralis [TA] SYN: duct of bulbourethral gland.
- d. hemithoracicus SYN: hemithoracic duct.
- d. hepaticus communis [TA] SYN: common hepatic duct.
- d. hepaticus dexter [TA] SYN: right hepatic duct.
- d. hepaticus sinister [TA] SYN: left hepatic duct.
- d. incisivus [TA] SYN: incisive duct.
- d. lactiferi [TA] SYN: lactiferous ducts, under duct.
- d. lingualis a pit on the upper surface of the tongue at the apex of the sulcus terminalis; it marks the point of origin of the d. thyroglossus of the embryo; known more commonly as the foramen cecum.
- d. lobi caudati dexter hepatis [TA] SYN: right duct of caudate lobe of liver.
- d. lobi caudati sinister hepatis [TA] SYN: left duct of caudate lobe of liver.
- d. longitudinalis epoöphori [TA] SYN: longitudinal duct of epoöphoron. SEE ALSO: epoophoron.
- d. lymphaticus dexter [TA] SYN: right lymphatic duct.
- d. mesonephricus SYN: mesonephric duct. SEE ALSO: longitudinal duct of epoöphoron.
- d. nasolacrimalis [TA] SYN: nasolacrimal duct.
- d. pancreaticus [TA] SYN: pancreatic duct.
- d. pancreaticus accessorius [TA] SYN: accessory pancreatic duct.
- d. paramesonephricus SYN: paramesonephric duct.
- d. paraurethrales [TA] SYN: paraurethral ducts, under duct.
- d. parotideus [TA] SYN: parotid duct.
- patent d. arteriosus d. arteriosus.
- d. perilymphaticus SYN: cochlear aqueduct.
- d. pharyngobranchialis III a narrow communication between the third branchial pouch and the pharynx in the embryo.
- d. pharyngobranchialis IV a narrow communication between the fourth branchial pouch and the pharynx in the embryo.
- d. prostatici SYN: prostatic ductules, under ductule.
- d. reuniens [TA] a short membranous tube passing from the lower end of the saccule to the cochlear duct of the membranous labyrinth. SYN: canaliculus reuniens, canalis reuniens, Hensen canal, Hensen duct, uniting canal, uniting duct.
- d. saccularis [TA] SYN: saccular duct.
- d. semicirculares [TA] SYN: semicircular ducts, under duct.
- d. sublinguales minores [TA] SYN: minor sublingual ducts, under duct.
- d. sublingualis major [TA] SYN: major sublingual duct.
- d. submandibularis [TA] SYN: submandibular duct.
- d. submaxillaris SYN: submandibular duct.
- d. sudoriferus SYN: duct of sweat glands.
- d. thoracicus [TA] SYN: thoracic duct.
- d. thoracicus dexter right lymphatic duct.
- d. thyroglossus [TA] SYN: thyroglossal duct.
- d. utricularis [TA] SYN: utricular duct.
- d. utriculosaccularis [TA] SYN: utriculosaccular duct.
- d. venosus in the fetus, continuation of the left umbilical vein through the liver to the vena cava inferior; after birth, its lumen becomes obliterated, forming the ligamentum venosum.
- d. venosus arantii rarely used term for d. venosus.

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duc·tus 'dək-təs n, pl ductus DUCT

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a duct. The ductus deferens is the vas deferens.

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duc·tus (dukґtəs) gen. and pl. ducґtus [L.] duct; a passage with well-defined walls. see also ductulus.

Descriptions of structures are given on TA terms, and include the anglicized names of specific ducts.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

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  • Ductus — (lat.), 1) Führung, Leitung; 2) die Art, die Schriftzüge zu malen, s. Schreibkunst; 3) (Anat.), so v.w. Gänge, z.B. D. excretorĭus, Ausführungsgang; D. arteriōsus, s.u. Botallischer Gang; D. Stenoniānus, s.u. Parotis; D. Wirsungianus, s.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ductus — (lat.), Zug, besonders der Buchstaben beim Schreiben; in der Anatomie soviel wie Gang, besonders Ausführungsgang einer Drüse. D. Arantii und D. Botalli, s. Embryo; D. choledochus, Gallengang (s. Leber); D. Mülleri, s. Eileiter; D. pancreaticus,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ductus — (lat.), Zug, bes. der Buchstaben beim Schreiben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ductus — Ductus, lat., Führung, Leitung; Schriftmanier, Schriftzug …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ductus — conducto, canal Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • ductus — index generalship, guidance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • DUCTUS — (лат.) и ductulus (уменьши тельн.), анат. термин, обозначающий проход, проток, служащий для проведения жидкости или воздуха, и иногда канал, соединяющий две полости (лат. canalis в современной анат. номенклатуре обозначает костный канал); напр. D …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Ductus — Dụctus [zu lat. ducere, ductum = ziehen, leiten, führen] m; , [dụ́ktu̱ß]: Gang, Verbindungsgang (Anat.). Dụctus arterio̱|sus: Verbindung zwischen Lungenarterie und Aorta beim ↑Fetus. Dụctus arterio̱|sus apẹrtus, auch: Dụctus arterio̱|sus… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Ductus — Duktus (m., lat. Führung, Leitung), auch Ductus bezeichnet: die charakteristische Art einer Person, zu schreiben oder zu sprechen, siehe Duktus (Linguistik) die charakteristische Art eines Künstlers, zu zeichnen oder zu malen, auch die Eigenart,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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