glutamic acid

glutamic acid
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate. Cf.:glutamate.
- g. dehydrogenases SYN: glutamate dehydrogenases.
- g. hydrochloride a gastric acidifier alleged to aid in digestion; also used for gastric HCl replacement therapy.

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glu·tam·ic acid (.)glü-.tam-ik- n a crystalline amino acid C5H9NO4 that is widely distributed in plant and animal proteins and that acts throughout the central nervous system esp. in the form of a salt or ester as a neurotransmitter which excites postsynaptic neurons abbr. Glu

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glu·tam·ic ac·id (gloo-tamґik) a nonessential amino acid, α-aminoglutaric acid, occurring in proteins. It also serves as an excitatory neurotransmitter in all regions of the central nervous system. Symbols Glu and E. See also table at amino acid.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glutamic acid — Glutamic acid …   Wikipedia

  • Glutamic acid — Glutamic Glu*tam ic, a. [Gluten + amic.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining to gluten. [1913 Webster] {Glutamic acid}, a nitrogenous organic acid obtained from certain albuminoids, as gluten; called also {amido glutaric acid}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glutamic acid — [glo͞o tam′ik] n. [ GLUT(EN) + AM(INO) + IC] a nonessential amino acid, COOH(CH2) 2CH(NH2)COOH: see AMINO ACID …   English World dictionary

  • glutamic acid — glutamic acid. См. глутаминовая кислота. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • glutamic acid — /glooh tam ik/, Biochem. an amino acid, HOOCCH2CH2CH(NH2)COOH, obtained by hydrolysis from wheat gluten and sugar beet residues, used commercially chiefly in the form of its sodium salt to intensify the flavor of meat or other food. Abbr.: Glu;… …   Universalium

  • glutamic acid — One of twenty amino acids (molecules that join together to form proteins). Glutamic acid may help nerve cells send and receive information from other cells. It is being studied for its ability to decrease or prevent nerve damage caused by… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • glutamic acid — glutamo rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOOCCH(NH₂)CH₂CH₂COOH santrumpa( os) Glu, E atitikmenys: angl. glutamic acid rus. глутаминовая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 aminopentano dirūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • glutamic acid — (= Glu; E; 147 D) One of the 20 a amino acids commonly found in proteins. Plays a central role in amino acid metabolism, acting as precursor of glutamine, proline and arginine. Also acts as amino group donor in synthesis by transamination of… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • glutamic acid — noun A nonessential amino acid, α amino glutaric acid, occurring widely in animal and plant tissues; the salt, monosodium glutamate is used as a flavour enhancing seasoning …   Wiktionary

  • glutamic acid — glu·tam·ic ac·id || ‚gluː tæmɪk‚æsɪd amino acid that is important for acid metabolism, major component of the neurotransmitter glutamate (Biochemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

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