glucosamine

glucosamine
An amino sugar found in chitin, cell membranes, and mucopolysaccharides generally; used as a pharmaceutic aid.

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glu·cos·amine glü-'kō-sə-.mēn, -zə- n an amino derivative C6H13NO5 of glucose that occurs esp. as a constituent of polysaccharides (as chitin) in animal supporting structures and some plant cell walls

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n.
the amino sugar of glucose, i.e. glucose in which the hydroxyl group is replaced by an amino group. Glucosamine is a component of mucopolysaccharide and glycoprotein: for example, hyaluronic acid, a mucopolysaccharide found in synovial fluid, and heparin.

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glu·co·sa·mine (gloo-kōsґə-mēn) the amino sugar derivative of glucose, substituted at the 2 position, occurring in glycosaminoglycans and a variety of complex polysaccharides such as blood group substances. It is generally acetylated (N-acetylglucosamine).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Glucosamine — Général Nom IUPAC (3R,4R,5S,6R) 3 Amino 6 (hydroxymethyl)oxane 2,4,5 triol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • glucosamine — [glykozamin] n. f. ÉTYM. 1905, in Rev. gén. des sc., no 1, p. 23; de glucose, et amine. ❖ ♦ Chim., biol. Nom d ensemble des dérivés aminés des sucres, tels qu ils se présentent dans divers constituants organiques formés de glucides et de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • glucosamine — n. the amino sugar of glucose, i.e. glucose in which the hydroxyl group is replaced by an amino group. Glucosamine is a component of mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins: for example, hyaluronic acid, a mucopolysaccharide found in synovial fluid …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • glucosamine — gliukozaminas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CHOH)₄CH(NH₂)CHO atitikmenys: angl. chitosamine; glucosamine rus. глюкозамин; хитозамин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 amino 2 deoksi D gliukozė sinonimas – chitozaminas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase — In enzymology, a glucosamine phosphate N acetyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acetyl CoA + D glucosamine 6 phosphate ightleftharpoons CoA + N acetyl D glucosamine 6 phosphateThus, the two… …   Wikipedia

  • Glucosamine N-acetyltransferase — In enzymology, a glucosamine N acetyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.3) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acetyl CoA + D glucosamine ightleftharpoons CoA + N acetyl D glucosamineThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl CoA… …   Wikipedia

  • Glucosamine kinase — In enzymology, a glucosamine kinase (EC number|2.7.1.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ATP + D glucosamine ightleftharpoons ADP + D glucosamine phosphateThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and D glucosamine, whereas …   Wikipedia

  • Glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase — In enzymology, a glucosamine 6 phosphate deaminase (EC number|3.5.99.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:D glucosamine 6 phosphate + H2O ightleftharpoons D fructose 6 phosphate + NH3Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are D… …   Wikipedia

  • Glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase — In enzymology, a glucosamine 1 phosphate N acetyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.157) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acetyl CoA + alpha D glucosamine 1 phosphate ightleftharpoons CoA + N acetyl alpha D glucosamine 1 phosphateThus …   Wikipedia

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