The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure. For example, on inhalation there is distention of the lungs due to the increased air pressure within the lungs. The word "distention" comes from a Latin root "tendere," to extend. The word "tendon" comes from the same root.

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dis·ten·tion (dis-tenґshən) the state of being distended or enlarged; the act of distending.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Distention — Dis*ten tion, n. [L. distentio: cf. F. distension.] 1. The act of distending; the act of stretching in breadth or in all directions; the state of being Distended; as, the distention of the lungs. [1913 Webster] 2. Breadth; extent or space… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • distention — Distention. s. f. Terme de Chirurgie. Il ne se dit qu en parlant des nerfs qui sont trop tendus. Distention de nerfs …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • distention — index extension (expansion), growth (increase), stress (strain) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • distention — also distension, early 15c., from M.Fr. distension and directly from L. distensionem (nom. distensio, distentio), noun of action from pp. stem of distendere (see DISTEND (Cf. distend)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • distention — or distension [disten′shən] n. [L distentio] a distending or being distended; inflation; expansion …   English World dictionary

  • distention — noun 1. the act of expanding by pressure from within • Syn: ↑distension • Derivationally related forms: ↑distend (for: ↑distension), ↑distend • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • distention — /di sten sheuhn/, n. the act of distending or the state of being distended. Also, distension. [1375 1425; late ME distensioun < L distention (s. of distentio), equiv. to distent(us) DISTENT + ion ION] * * * …   Universalium

  • distention — noun see distension …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • distention — noun /dɪsˈtɛnʃən/ The act of distending …   Wiktionary

  • distention — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. inflation, expansion, enlargement, bloating; see bulge , increase 1 …   English dictionary for students

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