Inflammation, especially mucosal, of the stomach. [gastr- + G. -itis, inflammation]
- alkaline reflux g. an inflammation of the gastric mucosa believed to be caused by irritating factors that reflux from the intestine into the stomach; most common after a procedure that resects or ablates the pylorus. SYN: bile g..
- atrophic g. chronic g. with atrophy of the mucous membrane and destruction of the peptic glands, sometimes associated with pernicious anemia or gastric carcinoma; also applied to gastric atrophy without inflammatory changes.
- bile g. SYN: alkaline reflux g..
- catarrhal g. g. with excessive secretion of mucus.
- g. cystica polyposa large sessile mucosal polyps arising in the stomach proximal to an old gastroenterostomy.
- eosinophilic g. SYN: eosinophilic gastroenteritis.
- exfoliative g. g. with excessive shedding of mucosal epithelial cells.
- hypertrophic g. SYN: Ménétrier disease.
- interstitial g. inflammation of the stomach involving the submucosa and muscle coats.
- polypous g. a form of chronic g., in which there is irregular atrophy of the mucous membrane with cystic glands giving rise to a knobby or polypous appearance of the surface.
- pseudomembranous g. g. characterized by the formation of a false membrane.
- sclerotic g. a fibrous thickening of the walls of the stomach with diminution in the capacity of the organ.

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gas·tri·tis ga-'strīt-əs n inflammation esp. of the mucous membrane of the stomach

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inflammation of the lining (mucosa) of the stomach. Acute gastritis is caused by ingesting excess alcohol or other irritating or corrosive substances, resulting in vomiting. Chronic gastritis is associated with smoking and chronic alcoholism and may be caused by bile entering the stomach from the duodenum, but most cases are caused by the bacterium Helicobacter . It has no definite symptoms, but the patient is liable to develop gastric ulcers or gastric cancer. Atrophic gastritis, in which the stomach lining is atrophied, may succeed chronic gastritis but may occur spontaneously as an autoimmune disease.

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gas·tri·tis (gas-triґtis) [gastr- + -itis] inflammation of the stomach. gastritic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastritis — Gastritis …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • gastritis — f. gastrol. Inflamación de la mucosa del estómago de carácter crónico o agudo que puede estar provocada por una intoxicación, infección, estrés, un abuso del alcohol o ser secundaria a otras enfermedades. La gastritis aguda dura poco tiempo y… …   Diccionario médico

  • gastritis — (plural gastritis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Inflamación de la mucosa del estómago: Se está medicando para combatir la gastritis …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Gastritis — Gas*tri tis, n. [NL., from. Gr. ?, ?, stomach + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucuos membrane. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gastrītis — Gastrītis, Magenentzündung, s. Magenkrankheiten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gastrītis — (griech.), s. Magenentzündung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gastrìtis — m pat. upala sluznice želuca; katar želuca ✧ {{001f}}lat. ← grč …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • gastritis — 1806, Medical L., from GASTRO (Cf. gastro ) + ITIS (Cf. itis). Coined by French pathologist François Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1706 1767) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastritis — gastrìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala sluznice želuca; katar želuca ETIMOLOGIJA gastr (o) + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • gastritis — (De gastr e itis). f. Med. Inflamación del estómago …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gastritis — [gas trīt′is] n. [ModL < GASTR(O) + ITIS] inflammation of the stomach, esp. of the stomach lining …   English World dictionary

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