In medicine, a "diathesis" is an elegant term for a predisposition or tendency. Thus, a hemorrhagic diathesis is nothing more than a bleeding tendency. The word "diathesis" is Greek.
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The constitutional or inborn state disposing to a disease, group of diseases, or metabolic or structural anomaly. [G. arrangement, condition]
- contractural d. an older term denoting a tendency to have contractures in hysteria.
- cystic d. a condition in which multiple cysts form in the liver, kidneys, and other organs.
- gouty d. a state of susceptibility to attacks of gout or development of tophi, usually associated with hyperuricemia or hyperexcretion of urate in urine.
- spasmophilic d. a condition in which there is an abnormal excitability of the motor nerves, shown by a tendency to tetany, laryngeal spasm, or general convulsions.

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di·ath·e·sis dī-'ath-ə-səs n, pl -e·ses -.sēz a constitutional predisposition toward a particular state or condition and esp. one that is abnormal or diseased
di·a·thet·ic .dī-ə-'thet-ik adj

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a higher than average tendency to acquire certain diseases, such as allergies, rheumatic diseases, or gout. Such diseases may run in families, but they are not inherited.

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di·ath·e·sis (di-athґə-sis) [Gr. “arrangement, disposition”] a constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the person more than usually susceptible to certain diseases. Cf. constitution (def. 1) and type. diathetic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Diathesis — (from the Greek διάθεσις grammatical voice, disposition ) may refer to: Grammatical voice Predisposition (psychology) The diathesis–stress model Bleeding diathesis in medicine an abnormal propensity toward bleeding This disambiguation page lists… …   Wikipedia

  • diathesis — [dī ath′ə sis] n. pl. diatheses [dī ath əsēz΄] [ModL < Gr diathesis, arrangement < diatithenai, to arrange < dia , apart + tithenai, to put] a predisposition to certain diseases diathetic [dī΄ə thet′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Diathesis — Di*ath e*sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to place separately, arrange; dia through, asunder + ? to place, put.] (Med.) Bodily condition or constitution, esp. a morbid habit which predisposes to a particular disease, or class of diseases. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Diathĕsis — (gr.), 1) Anordnung; 2) (Med.), Körperbeschaffenheit, auch Krankheitsanlage, s. Disposition; 3) die für gewisse Krankheitserscheinungen disponirende Blutmischung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • diathesis — diathetic /duy euh thet ik/, adj. /duy ath euh sis/, n., pl. diatheses / seez /. Pathol. a constitutional predisposition or tendency, as to a particular disease or affection. [1645 55; < NL < Gk diáthesis arrangement, disposition. See DIA ,… …   Universalium

  • diathesis — di•ath•e•sis [[t]daɪˈæθ ə sɪs[/t]] n. pl. ses [[t] ˌsiz[/t]] med a predisposition, as to a disease • Etymology: 1645–55; < NL < Gk diáthesis disposition, state =dia(ti)thé(nai) to arrange di a•thet′ic əˈθɛt ɪk adj …   From formal English to slang

  • Diathesis–stress model — Schematic of diathesis–stress model. The diathesis–stress model is a psychological theory that explains behavior as a result of both biological and genetic vulnerability (the meaning of the greek word diathesis), and stress from life experiences …   Wikipedia

  • Diathesis-stress model — The diathesis stress model is a psychological theory that explains behavior as both a result of biological and genetic factors ( nature ), and life experiences ( nurture ). This model thus assumes that a disposition towards a certain disorder may …   Wikipedia

  • Diathesis alternation — In linguistics the term diathesis alternation or verb alternation[1] refers to the fact that verbs can be used in different subcategorization frames where they slightly change their semantic meaning. It is a hard problem for theoretical… …   Wikipedia

  • diathesis — noun (plural diatheses) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek, literally, arrangement, from diatithenai to arrange, from dia + tithenai to set more at do Date: 1651 a constitutional predisposition toward a particular state or condition …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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