- A specific, acute, superficial cutaneous cellulitis caused by β-hemolytic streptococci and characterized by hot, red, edematous, brawny, and sharply defined eruptions; usually accompanied by severe constitutional symptoms. [G., fr. erythros, red + pella, skin]- ambulant e. SYN: e. migrans.- e. internum an erysipelatous eruption in the vagina, uterus, and peritoneum, occurring in the puerperium.- e. migrans a widely spreading form involving the entire face or body surface. SYN: ambulant e., wandering e..- phlegmonous e. a form marked by invasion of the subcutaneous tissues, with the formation of deep-seated abscesses.- e. pustulosum development of pustules over the area of e..- swine e. a destructive disease of swine, occurring in both acute and chronic forms, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
* * *er·y·sip·e·las .er-ə-'sip-(ə-)ləs, .ir- n1) an acute febrile disease that is associated with intense often vesicular and edematous local inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues and that is caused by a hemolytic streptococcus2) SWINE ERYSIPELAS used esp. when the disease affects hosts other than swine
* * *n.a streptococcal infection of the skin, especially the face, characterized by redness and swelling; it usually has a sharply defined margin, which can differentiate erysipelas from the otherwise similar cellulitis. The patient is ill, with a high temperature. penicillin V is the treatment of choice.
* * *er·y·sip·e·las (er″ə-sipґə-ləs) [Gr. erythros red + pella skin] an acute superficial form of cellulitis involving the dermal lymphatics, usually caused by infection with group A streptococci. Characteristics include a peripherally spreading hot, bright red, edematous, brawny, infiltrated plaque with a circumscribed, raised, indurated border. Formerly called St. Anthony fire. erysipelatous adj
Erysipelas with characteristic sharply defined erythema and edema.
Medical dictionary. 2011.