1. C. Sherrington term for a peripheral tissue that receives nerve impulses and reacts by contraction (muscle), secretion (gland), or a discharge of electricity (electric organ of certain bony fishes). 2. A small metabolic molecule that by combining with a repressor gene depresses the activity of an operon. 3. A small molecule that binds to a protein and, in so doing, alters the activity of that protein. 4. A substance, technique, procedure, or individual that causes an effect. [L. producer]

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ef·fec·tor i-'fek-tər, -.tȯ(ə)r n
1) a bodily organ (as a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to stimulation
2) a molecule (as an inducer, a corepressor, or an enzyme) that activates, controls, or inactivates a process or action (as protein synthesis or the release of a second messenger)

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any structure or agent that brings about activity in a muscle or gland, such as a motor nerve that causes muscular contraction or glandular secretion. The term is also used for the muscle or gland itself.

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ef·fec·tor (ə-fekґtər) 1. an agent that mediates a specific effect, e.g., an allosteric effector or an effector cell. 2. an organ that produces an effect, e.g., contraction or secretion, in response to nerve stimulation. Called also effector organ.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • effector — [e fek′tər, ifek′tər] n. [L, a producer < effectus: see EFFECT] 1. a muscle, gland, cell, etc. capable of responding to a stimulus, esp. to a nerve impulse 2. that part of a nerve which transmits an impulse to an organ of response …   English World dictionary

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  • effector — adj. & n. Biol. adj. acting in response to a stimulus. n. an effector organ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Effector cell — Effector cells are a type of lymphocyte that are actively engaged in secreting antibodies. The clonal selection theory stipulates that when naïve cells encounter antigens for the first time, they are stimulated to proliferate and differentiate… …   Wikipedia

  • effector cell — n a lymphocyte (as a T cell) that has been induced to differentiate into a form (as a cytotoxic T cell) capable of mounting a specific immune response called also effector lymphocyte * * * 1. a cell that becomes active in response to stimulation …   Medical dictionary

  • effector molecule — effector molecule. См. эффекторная молекула. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • effector organ — effector (def. 2) …   Medical dictionary

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