dyscephalia

dyscephalia
Malformation of the head and face. SYN: dyscephaly. [dys- + G. kephale, head]
- d. mandibulo-oculofacialis [MIM*234100] a syndrome of bony anomalies of the calvaria, face, and jaw, with brachygnathia, narrow curved nose, and multiple ocular defects including microphthalmia, microcornea, and cataract, often with alopecia overlying skull sutures, or alopecia areata, or absence of eyebrows. The pattern of inheritance is undecided. SYN: Hallermann-Streiff syndrome, Hallermann-Streiff-François syndrome, mandibulo-oculofacial syndrome, oculomandibulodyscephaly, oculomandibulofacial syndrome, progeria with cataract, progeria with microphthalmia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Alopecia — Baldness. There are many types of alopecia, each with a different cause. Alopecia may be localized to the front and top of the head as in common male pattern baldness. It may be patchy as in a condition called alopecia areata. Or it can involve… …   Medical dictionary

  • Progeria — A disorder characterized by premature aging. There is more than one type of progeria, and the mechanism behind these disorders is not yet known. Researchers have recently found dramatically lowered levels of antioxidant enzymes, particularly… …   Medical dictionary

  • dyscephaly — SYN: dyscephalia. * * * dys·ceph·a·ly (dis sefґə le) malformation of the cranial and facial bones …   Medical dictionary

  • oculomandibulodyscephaly — SYN: dyscephalia mandibulo oculofacialis. * * * oc·u·lo·man·dib·u·lo·dys·ceph·a·ly (ok″u lo man dib″u lo dis sefґə le) [oculo + mandibulo + dyscephaly] malformation of the cranium and facial bones with optic abnormalities; see… …   Medical dictionary

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