bone marrow transplantation

bone marrow transplantation
(BMT) intravenous infusion of autologous, syngeneic, or allogeneic bone marrow or stem cells (see peripheral blood progenitor cells, under cell); done to treat malignancies such as leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma, and selected solid tumors, as well as nonmalignant conditions such as aplastic anemia, immunologic deficiencies, inborn errors of metabolism, and the myeloablation resulting from chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • bone marrow transplantation — A procedure to replace bone marrow that has been destroyed by treatment with high doses of anticancer drugs or radiation. Transplantation may be autologous (an individual s own marrow saved before treatment), allogeneic (marrow donated by someone …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Syngeneic bone marrow transplantation — is a procedure in which a person receives bone marrow donated by his or her healthy identical twin. External links * [http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db alpha.aspx?CdrID=270741 Syngeneic bone marrow transplantation] entry in the public domain NCI …   Wikipedia

  • Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation — is a procedure in which a person receives stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) from a genetically similar, but not identical, donor. External links * [http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db alpha.aspx?CdrID=45114 Allogeneic bone… …   Wikipedia

  • autologous bone marrow transplantation — see bone marrow t …   Medical dictionary

  • autologous bone marrow transplantation — A procedure in which bone marrow is removed from a person, stored, and then given back to the person after intensive treatment …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • syngeneic bone marrow transplantation — A procedure in which a person receives bone marrow donated by his or her healthy identical twin …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • allogeneic bone marrow transplantation — A procedure in which a person receives stem cells (cells from which all blood cells develop) from a genetically similar, but not identical, donor …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • bone marrow transplant — ▪ medicine Introduction  the transfer of bone marrow from a healthy donor to a recipient whose own bone marrow is affected by disease. Bone marrow transplant may be used to treat aplastic anemia; sickle cell anemia; various malignant diseases of… …   Universalium

  • bone marrow suppression — suppression of bone marrow activity, resulting in reduction in the number of platelets, red cells, and white cells, as in aplastic anemia or secondary to chemotherapy or radiation therapy. It may also be induced intentionally prior to bone marrow …   Medical dictionary

  • Bone marrow — Simplified illustration of cells in bone marrow. Latin medulla ossium Code TA …   Wikipedia

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