cholera toxin

cholera toxin
an exotoxin produced by Vibrio cholerae; a protein enterotoxin that binds to the membrane of enteric cells and stimulates the adenylate cyclase system, causing the hypersecretion of chloride and bicarbonate ions seen in cholera. Called also choleragen and cholera enterotoxin.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • cholera — choleraic /kol euh ray ik/, adj. /kol euhr euh/, n. 1. Also called Asiatic cholera. Pathol. an acute, infectious disease, endemic in India and China and occasionally epidemic elsewhere, characterized by profuse diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, etc. 2 …   Universalium

  • Cholera — A devastating and sometimes lethal disease with intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea leading to dehydration which, unless immediately treated, may be fatal. Cholera was discovered in 1883 to be due to infection with Vibrio cholerae, a… …   Medical dictionary

  • Toxin — One of a number of poisons produced by certain plants, animals, and bacteria. The term toxin is frequently used to refer specifically to a particular protein produced by some higher plants, animals and pathogenic (disease causing) bacteria. A… …   Medical dictionary

  • cholera enterotoxin — see under toxin …   Medical dictionary

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