Plural of cilium.

* * *

cilia pl of CILIUM

* * *

cil·ia (silґe-ə) sing. cilґium [L.] 1. [TA] eyelashes: the hairs growing on the edges of the eyelids. 2. minute vibratile, hairlike processes that project from the free surface of a cell and are composed of nine pairs of microtubules arrayed around a central pair, anchored to the cellular cortex by the basal bodies. Dynein-powered sliding of the outer microtubules relative to one another causes the cilia to move in rhythmic beats (ciliary beats) that move the cell around in its environment or move fluid or mucous films over the cell surface. See also flagellum and mucociliary clearance.

Electron micrograph of ciliated columnar pseudostratified epithelium in the respiratory tract.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cilia — puede referirse a: Un nombre de mujer. Santa Cilia, una santa católica y un municipio español de la provincia de Huesca (Santa Cilia de Jaca). El plural de cilio. Zilia, una población francesa de la isla de Córcega. Cilicia, antigua región al sur …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cilia — ist ein Name. Er bezeichnet: Santa Cilia, spanischer Ort im Pyrenäenvorland Trevor Cilia (* 1983), maltesischer Fußballspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cilia — Cil i*a, n. pl. {Cilium}, the sing., is rarely used. [L. cilium eyelid.] 1. (Anat.) The eyelashes. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) Small, generally microscopic, vibrating appendages lining certain organs, as the air passages of the higher animals, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cilia — (n.) 1715, from L. cilia, plural of cilium eyelid, eyelash, perhaps related to celare to cover, hide, from PIE root *kel to conceal (see CELL (Cf. cell)). It sometimes is pluralized in English, which is an error. Related: Ciliated …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cilĭa — (lat.), Wimper; 1) (Anat.), Ciliae, Cilien, Augenwimpern, die an den Rändern der Augenlider zum Schutz des Auges befindlichen Härchen, s. Auge. Daher Ciliararterien (Arteriae ciliares), Schlagadern, welche zu dem Ciliarkörper im Auge (s.d.) u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cilĭa — (lat.), die Augenwimpern; ciliar, die Wimpern betreffend; Ciliargefäße, die Blutgefäße der Aderhaut, die das gesamte Sehorgan mit Ausnahme des nervösen Teiles der Netzhaut und des Glaskörpers versorgen. Ciliarkörper, der vordere Teil der Aderhaut …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • CILIA — urbs Stiriae, ad Savi fluvii ripam, uti apparet ex vestigiis, antiqua, nam inscriptiones in ea plures nominum Romanotum apparent. Mercat. Ciliae Comes Ulricus celebris fuit saeculô 15. Huic Ladislaus Hungariae Rex Austriam gubernandam commisit, A …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • cilia — [sil′ē ə] pl.n. sing. cilium [sil′ē əm] [L, pl. of cilium, eyelid; akin to celare: see CONCEAL] 1. the eyelashes 2. [ModL] Bot. small hairlike processes extending from certain plant cells and forming a fringe, as on the edges of some leaves 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • cilia — (sil e ah) Threadlike appendages extending from the surface of some protozoa that beat rhythmically to propel them; cilia are membrane bound cylinders with a complex internal array of microtubules, usually in a 9 1 2 pattern …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • cilia — n. singular form of cilia (tiny hairlike parts) …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”