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che·mo·syn·the·sis -'sin(t)-thə-səs n, pl -the·ses synthesis of organic compounds (as in living cells) by energy derived from chemical reactions
che·mo·syn·thet·ic -sin-'thet-ik adj

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che·mo·syn·the·sis (ke″mo-sinґthə-sis) [chemo- + synthesis] the synthesis of carbohydrate from carbon dioxide and water as a result of the energy derived from chemical reactions, rather than from absorbed light. Such synthesis is carried out by certain bacteria and algae. Cf. photosynthesis. chemosynthetic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Chemosynthesis — Chem o*syn the*sis, n. [Chemical + synthesis.] (Plant Physiol.) Synthesis of organic compounds by energy derived from chemical changes or reactions. Chemosynthesis of carbohydrates occurs in the nitrite bacteria through the oxidation of ammonia… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chemosynthesis — chemosynthesis. См. хемосинтез. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • chemosynthesis — 1903, from CHEMO (Cf. chemo ) + SYNTHESIS (Cf. synthesis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chemosynthesis — [kē΄ōsin′thə sis, kem΄ōsin′thə sis] n. the synthesis by certain bacteria of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water by the use of energy obtained by the oxidation of certain chemicals, as hydrogen sulfide or ammonia: see also… …   English World dictionary

  • Chemosynthesis — In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules (usually carbon dioxide or methane) and nutrients into organic matter using the oxidation of inorganic molecules (e.g. hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide) or …   Wikipedia

  • chemosynthesis — chemosintezė statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Organinių medžiagų sintezė iš anglies dioksido, vandens ir kitų mineralinių junginių, atliekama autotrofinių bakterijų (chemolitotrofų ir chemoorganotrofų), kurios naudoja pačių… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • chemosynthesis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1901 synthesis of organic compounds (as in living cells) by energy derived from inorganic chemical reactions • chemosynthetic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chemosynthesis — n. [Gr. chemeia, pert. chemistry; synthesis, composition] 1. Synthesis of organic chemical compounds in organisms. 2. A type of autotrophic nutrition through which organisms obtain their energy by oxidation of various inorganic compounds instead… …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • chemosynthesis — Synthesis of organic compounds by an organism using energy derived from oxidation of inorganic molecules rather than light (see chemotrophy and photosynthesis) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • chemosynthesis — chemosynthetic /kee moh sin thet ik, kem oh /, adj. chemosynthetically, adv. /kee moh sin theuh sis, kem oh /, n. Biol., Biochem. the synthesis of organic compounds within an organism, with chemical reactions providing the energy source. [1900… …   Universalium

  • chemosynthesis — noun the production of carbohydrates and other compounds from simple compounds such as carbon dioxide, using the oxidation of chemical nutrients as a source of energy rather than sunlight; it is limited to certain bacteria and fungi …   Wiktionary

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