chaperone

chaperone
1. A protein required for the proper folding and/or assembly of another protein or protein complex. 2. One who accompanies a physician during examination of a patient of the opposite sex (from the physician). [Eng. escort, protector, fr. Fr. chaperon, hood, fr. chape, cape, fr. L.L. cappa, fr. L. caput, head]

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chap·er·one 'shap-ə-.rōn n any of a class of proteins (as heat shock proteins) that facilitate the proper folding of proteins by binding to and stabilizing unfolded or partially folded proteins called also chaperone protein, molecular chaperone

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chap·er·one (shapґər-ōn) someone or something that accompanies and oversees another.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chaperone — or Chaperon may refer to: Chaperone (social) or chaperon, an adult who accompanies or supervises young people on social occasions Chaperone (clinical), a person who acts as a witness for a patient and a medical practitioner during a medical… …   Wikipedia

  • chaperone — index protect Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Chaperone — Chaperone,   Chaperonine, Eiweiße, die in anderen Proteinen bestimmte Konformationen stabilisieren und dadurch die Faltung oder die Translozierung (Export) dieser Proteine mitbestimmen. Chaperonine sind häufig Stressproteine.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • chaperone — meaning ‘someone who accompanies a young unmarried woman’, is the recommended spelling, not chaperon. It is pronounced shap ǝ rohn …   Modern English usage

  • chaperone — (also chaperon) ► NOUN dated ▪ an older woman responsible for the behaviour of an unmarried girl at social occasions. ► VERB ▪ accompany and look after. DERIVATIVES chaperonage noun. ORIGIN originally denoting a hood, regarded as giving… …   English terms dictionary

  • Chaperone — Chaperonin Klasse I aus Escherichia coli in Auf und Seitenansicht. Chaperone (engl. Anstandsdamen) sind Proteine, die neu synthetisierten Proteinen „helfen“, sich korrekt zu falten. Die Bezeichnung wurde gewählt, „da sie unreife Proteine vor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chaperone — I chaperone UK [ˈʃæpərəʊn] / US [ˈʃæpəˌroʊn] or chaperon UK / US noun [countable] Word forms chaperone : singular chaperone plural chaperones 1) in the past, an older woman who went with a young woman who was not married to a social event to make …   English dictionary

  • chaperone — I. noun or chaperon Etymology: French chaperon, literally, hood, from Middle French, head covering, from chape Date: 1720 1. a person (as a matron) who for propriety accompanies one or more young unmarried women in public or in mixed company 2.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chaperone — 1. noun a) An older person who accompanies other younger people to ensure the propriety of their behaviour, often an older woman accompanying a young woman. b) A protein that assists the non covalent folding/unfolding and the assembly/disassembly …   Wiktionary

  • chaperone — to serve as a chaperone (to serve as a chaperone at a dance) …   Combinatory dictionary

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