cerebroside

cerebroside
A class of glycosphingolipid; specifically, a monoglycosylceramide (ceramide monosaccharide), the sugar being attached to the —CHOH— moiety of the sphingoid. Cerebrosides are found in the myelin sheath of nerve tissue; e.g., kerasin, nervon, oxynervon, phrenosin, these names also being used for the fatty acid involved. C. is sometimes prefixed by gluco-, galacto-, etc., in place of the correct glucosylceramide, etc. The sulfate esters of cerebrosides are among the sulfatidates.
- c.-sulfatase, c. sulfatidase an enzyme that cleaves sulfate from a sulfated glycosphingolipid (such as a c. 3-sulfate).

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ce·re·bro·side sə-'rē-brə-.sīd, 'ser-ə-brə- n any of various lipids composed of ceramide and a monosaccharide and found esp. in the myelin sheath of nerves

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n.
one of a group of compounds occurring in the myelin sheaths of nerve fibres. They are glycolipid, containing sphingosine, a fatty acid, and a sugar, usually galactose (in galactocerebrosides) or glucose (in glucocerebrosides).

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cer·e·bro·side (sə-reґbro-sīd″) a sphingolipid in which the head group linked to ceramide is either of the monosaccharides glucose or galactose. Cerebrosides are abundant in cell membranes of brain and nervous tissue, especially the myelin sheath, but are also found in other tissues. See also glucocerebroside and galactocerebroside.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • cérébroside — [ serebrozid ] n. m. • 1897; 1874 en angl.; du lat. cerebrum, ose et ide ♦ Biochim. Lipide contenant du galactose, constituant du tissu nerveux et du cerveau. cérébroside [seʀebʀozid] n. m. ÉTYM. 1897; empr. à l angl. cerebroside, 1885, du lat.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cerebroside —   [lateinisch], Singular Cerebrosid das, (e)s, Zerebroside, Gruppe der Glykolipide, die aus dem Aminoalkohol Sphingosin, einer an die Aminogruppe des Sphingosins gebundenen Fettsäure sowie einem Zucker (meist Galaktose) bestehen. Die Cere …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cerebroside — [ser′ə brō sīd΄, sə rē′brōsīd΄] n. [< CEREBR(O) + OS(E) + IDE] a lipid that contains galactose and is found normally in brain and nerve tissue …   English World dictionary

  • Cerebroside — Cerebrosides is the common name for a group of glycosphingolipids called monoglycosylceramides which are important components in animal muscle and nerve cell membranes. They consist of a ceramide with a single sugar residue at the 1 hydroxyl… …   Wikipedia

  • Cerebroside — Allgemeine Formel der Cerebroside, als Rest R dient eine Hexose …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • cerebroside — cerebrozidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Glikosfingolipidas, ceramido ir galaktozės junginys. atitikmenys: angl. cerebroside rus. цереброзид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cerebroside — noun Etymology: cerebrose galactose Date: 1883 any of various glycolipids found especially in nerve tissue …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cerebroside — Glycolipid found in brain (11% of dry matter). Sphingosine core with fatty amide or hydroxy fatty amide and a single monosaccharide on the alcohol group (either glucose or galactose) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • cerebroside — /seuh ree breuh suyd , ser euh /, n. Biochem. any of a class of glycolipids, found in brain tissue and the medullary sheaths of nerves, that, upon hydrolysis, yield sphingosine, galactose or certain other sugars, and a fatty acid. [1880 85;… …   Universalium

  • cerebroside — noun Any of several glycosphingolipids found in the membranes of muscle and nervous tissue …   Wiktionary

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