To remove the testicles or the ovaries. [L. castro, pp. -atus, to deprive of generative power (male or female)]

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cas·trate 'kas-.trāt vt, cas·trat·ed; cas·trat·ing
1 a) to deprive of the testes: GELD
b) to deprive of the ovaries: SPAY
2) to render impotent or deprive of vitality esp. by psychological means <uses these an instrument to \castrate and destroy him (Harold Clurman)>
cas·trat·er or cas·tra·tor -ər n
cas·tra·tion kas-'trā-shən n
castrate n a castrated individual

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cas·trate (kasґtrāt) 1. to deprive of the gonads, rendering the individual incapable of reproduction. Called geld for male horses, emasculate for any male, spay for female animals, and oophorectomize (if bilateral) for any female. Called also neuter (in veterinary medicine). 2. an individual that has been castrated, such as a eunuch (human being), or an ox or gelding (farm animals).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Castrate — Cas trate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Castrated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Castrating}.] [L. castrarus, p; p. of castrare to castrate, asin to Skr. [,c]astra knife.] 1. To deprive of the testicles; to emasculate; to geld; to alter. [1913 Webster] 2. To cut or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • castrate — [kas′trāt΄] vt. castrated, castrating [< L castratus, pp. of castrare, to castrate, prune: for IE base see CASTE] 1. a) to remove the testicles of; emasculate; geld b) Rare to remove the ovaries of; spay 2. to deprive of essential virility,… …   English World dictionary

  • castrate — (v.) 1610s (implied in castrated), back formation from CASTRATION (Cf. castration) (q.v.). The figurative sense is attested earlier (1550s). Related: Castrating …   Etymology dictionary

  • castrate — *sterilize, spay, emasculate, alter, mutilate, geld, caponize …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • castrate — [v] remove sexual organs alter, asexualize, caponize, change, cut, deprive of virility, desexualize, emasculate, eunuchize, fix, geld, mutilate, neuter, spay, sterilize, unsex; concept 310 …   New thesaurus

  • castrate — ► VERB 1) remove the testicles of. 2) deprive of power or vigour. DERIVATIVES castration noun castrator noun. ORIGIN Latin castrare …   English terms dictionary

  • castrate — [[t]kæstre͟ɪt, AM kæ̱streɪt[/t]] castrates, castrating, castrated VERB To castrate a male animal or a man means to remove his testicles. [V n] In the ancient world, it was probably rare to castrate a dog or cat. [V ed] ...a castrated male horse.… …   English dictionary

  • castrate — UK [kæˈstreɪt] / US [ˈkæˌstreɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms castrate : present tense I/you/we/they castrate he/she/it castrates present participle castrating past tense castrated past participle castrated to remove the testicles (= the pair of… …   English dictionary

  • castrate — neuter eu ter, v. t. To render incapable of sexual reproduction; to remove or alter the sexual organs so as to make infertile; to alter; to fix; to desex; in male animals, to {castrate}; in female animals, to {spay}. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • castrate — transitive verb (castrated; castrating) Etymology: Latin castratus, past participle of castrare; akin to Greek keazein to split, Sanskrit śasati he slaughters Date: 1554 1. to render impotent or deprive of vitality especially by psy …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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