camphor

camphor
A ketone distilled from the bark and wood of Cinnamonum camphora, an evergreen tree of Taiwan and Southeast Asia and the adjoining islands, and also prepared synthetically from oil of turpentine; used in a variety of commercial products and as a topical antiinfective and antipruritic agent. [mediev. L., fr. Ar. kafure]
- c. liniment a mixture of c. and cottonseed oil, or c. and arachis oil; a mild counterirritant. SYN: camphorated oil.
- monobromated c. obsolete term for an antispasmodic, soporific, and sedative.
- tar c. SYN: naphthalene.
- thyme c. SYN: thymol.

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cam·phor 'kam(p)-fər n a tough gummy volatile aromatic crystalline compound C10H16O obtained esp. from the wood and bark of the camphor tree and used topically as a liniment and mild analgesic, as a plasticizer, and as an insect repellent also any of several similar compounds (as some terpene alcohols and ketones)
cam·phor·ic kam-'fȯr-ik, -'fär- adj

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n.
a crystalline aromatic substance obtained from the tree Cinnamomum camphora. It is used in creams, liniments, and sprays as a counterirritant and antipruritic.

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cam·phor (kamґfor) (kamґfər) [L. camphora; Gr. kamphora] [USP] a ketone with a characteristic penetrating odor and a pungent taste, obtained from the wood of Cinnamomum camphora or produced synthetically. It is applied topically to the skin as an antipruritic and antiinfective and is inhaled as a nasal decongestant; it is also used in folk medicine and in Indian medicine. Called also gum c.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Camphor — Cam phor (k[a^]m f[ e]r), n. [OE. camfere, F. camphre (cf. It. canfora, Sp. camfora, alcanfor, LL. canfora, camphora, NGr. kafoyra ), fr. Ar. k[=a]f[=u]r, prob. fr. Skr. karp[=u]ra.] 1. A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • camphor — [kam′fər] n. [ME camfre < OFr camphre < ML camfora < Ar kāfūr < Sans karpuraḥ, camphor tree] 1. a volatile, crystalline ketone, C10H16O, with a strong characteristic odor, derived from the wood of the camphor tree or synthetically… …   English World dictionary

  • Camphor — Cam phor, v. t. To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate. [R.] Tatler. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • camphor — substance extensively used in medicine, early 14c., caumfre, from O.Fr. camphre, from M.L. camfora, from Arabic kafur (Skt. karpuram), from Malay kapur camphor tree. Related: Camphorated …   Etymology dictionary

  • Camphor — Camphor, so v.w. Campher, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • camphor — ► NOUN ▪ a white volatile crystalline substance with an aromatic smell and bitter taste, occurring in certain essential oils. ORIGIN Latin camphora, from Sanskrit …   English terms dictionary

  • Camphor — For other uses, see Camphor (disambiguation). Camphor[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • camphor — camphoraceous /kam feuh ray sheuhs/, adj. camphoric /kam fawr ik, for /, adj. /kam feuhr/, n. Chem., Pharm. 1. a whitish, translucent, crystalline, pleasant odored terpene ketone, C10H16O, obtained from the camphor tree, used chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • camphor — kamparinis cinamonas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Lauramedinių šeimos medieninis, vaistinis augalas (Cinnamomum camphora), iš kurio gaunamas eterinis aliejus. Paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Cinnamomum camphora; Laurus camphora… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • camphor — A substance that comes from the wood and bark of the camphor tree or is made in the laboratory. It has a very unique smell and taste and is used in commercial products (for example, mothballs). Camphor is used in topical anti infective and anti… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • camphor — noun Etymology: Middle English caumfre, from Anglo French, from Medieval Latin camphora, from Arabic kāfūr, from Malay kapur Date: 14th century a tough gummy volatile aromatic crystalline compound C10H16O obtained especially from the wood and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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