benzoic acid

benzoic acid
Occurs naturally in gum benzoin; it is used as a food preservative, locally as a fungistatic, and orally as an antiseptic. It is excreted rapidly as hippuric acid. SYN: benzoyl hydrate, flowers of benzoin.

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ben·zo·ic acid ben-.zō-ik- n a white crystalline acid C6H6O2 found naturally (as in benzoin or in cranberries) or made synthetically and used esp. as a preservative of foods, in medicine, and in organic synthesis

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an antiseptic, active against fungi and bacteria, used as a preservative in foods and pharmaceutical preparations, as well as for the treatment of fungal infections of the skin.

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ben·zo·ic ac·id (ben-zoґik) [USP] benzenecarboxylic acid, a fungistatic compound used as a pharmaceutical and food preservative; it is conjugated to glycine in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. See also benzoic and salicylic acids ointment, under ointment.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Benzoic acid — Benzoic acid …   Wikipedia

  • Benzoic acid — Benzoic Ben*zo ic (b[e^]n*z[=o] [i^]k), a. [Cf. F. benzo[ i]que.] Pertaining to, or obtained from, benzoin. [1913 Webster] {Benzoic acid}, or {flowers of benzoin}, a peculiar vegetable acid, {C6H5.CO2H}, obtained from benzoin, and some other… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzoic acid — n. a white, crystalline organic acid, C6H5COOH, produced commercially from toluene and used as an antiseptic and preservative and in the making of perfumes, flavorings, etc …   English World dictionary

  • benzoic acid — Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly water soluble powder, C7H6O2, usually derived from benzoin or other balsams, or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used chiefly as a preservative, in the synthesis of dyes, and in medicine as a …   Universalium

  • benzoic acid — benzenkarboksirūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė C₆H₅COOH atitikmenys: angl. benzoic acid rus. бензойная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • benzoic acid — noun A white crystalline organic acid, CHCOOH; the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid; used as a food preservative and in many other industrial applications. Syn: E210, preservative …   Wiktionary

  • benzoic acid — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from benzoin Date: 1791 a white crystalline acid C6H5COOH found naturally (as in benzoin or in cranberries) or made synthetically and used especially as a preservative of foods, in medicine,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • benzoic acid — an antiseptic, active against fungi and bacteria, used as a preservative in foods and pharmaceutical preparations and, combined with salicylic acid, in the form of an ointment for the treatment of ringworm …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • benzoic acid — /bɛnˌzoʊɪk ˈæsəd/ (say ben.zohik asuhd) noun a white, crystalline acid, C6H5COOH, obtained from benzoin and other balsams or from toluene, used in medicine, aniline dye manufacture, as a food preservative, etc. {benz(ene) + oic + acid1} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • benzoic acid — noun a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins • Hypernyms: ↑carboxylic acid …   Useful english dictionary

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