benzalkonium chloride

benzalkonium chloride
A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chlorides in which the alkyls are long-chain compounds (C8 to C18); a surface-active germicide for many pathogenic nonsporulating bacteria and fungi. Aqueous solutions of this agent have a low surface tension, and possess detergent, keratolytic, and emulsifying properties that aid the penetration and wetting of tissue surfaces.

* * *

benz·al·ko·ni·um chloride .ben-zal-.kō-nē-əm- n a white or yellowish white mixture of chloride salts obtained as a bitter aromatic powder or gelatinous pieces that is used as an antiseptic and germicide see ZEPHIRAN

* * *

ben·zal·ko·ni·um chlo·ride (ben″zal-koґne-əm) [NF] a quaternary ammonium compound, being a mixture of alkylbenzyl dimethylammonium chlorides; a rapidly acting surface disinfectant and detergent active against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and certain viruses, fungi, yeasts, and protozoa; applied topically to the skin and mucous membranes and to wounds as an antiseptic and used intravaginally as a spermicide. It is also used as a preservative for pharmaceuticals and a disinfectant for surgical instruments.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzalkonium chloride — IUPAC name benzyl dimethyl tridecyl azanium chloride …   Wikipedia

  • benzalkonium chloride — /ben zal koh nee euhm/, Chem. a white or yellowish white, water soluble mixture of ammonium chloride derivatives having the structure C8H10NRCl, where R is a mixture of radicals ranging from C8H17 to C18H37 , that occurs as an amorphous powder or …   Universalium

  • benzalkonium chloride — noun A nitrogenous cationic surface acting agent of the quaternary ammonium group, used as a biocide, as a cationic surfactant and as a phase transfer agent in the chemical industry. Syn …   Wiktionary

  • benzalkonium chloride — noun : a white or yellowish white salt obtained as a bitter aromatic powder or gelatinous pieces that is used as an antiseptic and germicide * * * /ben zal koh nee euhm/, Chem. a white or yellowish white, water soluble mixture of ammonium… …   Useful english dictionary

  • benzalkonium chloride — chemical compound used as a disinfectant and antiseptic …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Chlorure de benzalkonium — Général No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride — noun benzalkonium chloride …   Wiktionary

  • Benzethonium chloride — Preferred IUPAC name N Benzyl N,N dimethyl 2 {2 [4 (2,4,4 trimet …   Wikipedia

  • Cetrimonium chloride — IUPAC name hexadecyl trimethylammonium chloride …   Wikipedia

  • Mercury(II) chloride — Mercury(II) chloride …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”