Okazaki fragments

Okazaki fragments
the short fragments of DNA, each consisting of an RNA primer and a short DNA chain and ranging in length from 100–200 nucleotides in eukaryotes to 1000–2000 nucleotides in prokaryotes, formed in synthesis of the lagging strand during DNA replication; later the primers are replaced by DNA and the fragments are joined by DNA ligase to form a continuous strand. See illustration at replication fork, under fork.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Okazaki fragments — Okazaki fragments. См. фрагменты Оказаки. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Okazaki fragments — DNA replication Okazaki fragments are short molecules of single stranded DNA that are formed on the lagging strand during DNA replication. They are between 1,000 to 2,000 nucleotides long in Escherichia coli and are between 100 to 200 nucleotides …   Wikipedia

  • Okazaki fragments — Short fragments of newly synthesised DNA strands produced during DNA replication. All the known DNA polymerases can only synthesis DNA in one direction, the 5 to 3 direction. However as the strands separate, replication forks will be moving along …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Okazaki fragments — Oka·za·ki fragments (o kah zahґke) [Reiji Okazaki, Japanese molecular biologist, 1930–1975] see under fragment …   Medical dictionary

  • Okazaki fragments — small discontinuous strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) produced during DNA synthesis (named for Reiji and Funeko Okazaki) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Okazaki fragments — Short stretches of polynucleotides produced during discontinuous DNA replication …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Okazaki — may refer to: People named Okazaki Chieko N. Okazaki (born 1926), former counselor in the General Relief Society Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints Dai Okazaki (AKA Smelly , born 1971), a Japanese comedic performer and… …   Wikipedia

  • Okazaki fragment — An Okazaki fragment is a relatively short fragment of DNA (with an RNA primer at the 5 terminus) created on the lagging strand during DNA replication. The lengths of Okazaki fragments are between 1,000 to 2,000 nucleotides long in E. coli and are …   Wikipedia

  • Fragments d’Okazaki — Fragment d Okazaki Réplication de l ADN : (a) brins « parents » ; (b) brin continu (dit avancé), dans le sens 5 vers 3  ; (c) brin discontinu (dit retardé), formé de fragments d Okazaki ; (d) lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Okazaki-Stücke — DNA Replikation. a: Elternstränge, b: Leitstrang, c: Folgestrang, d: Replikationsgabel, e: Primer, f: Okazaki Fragment Okazaki Fragment nennt man in der Molekularbiologie einen während der DNA Replikation entstehenden kurzen Abschnitt des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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