1. An inlet or entrance to a cavity or channel. in anatomy, an open gap or hole. SEE ALSO: fossa, ostium, orifice, pore. 2. The diameter of the objective of a microscope. SYN: aditus [TA], apertura [TA]. [L. apertura, an opening]
- angular a. the angle, in air, of light that passes from the object to the ends of the diameter of the front lens of the microscope objective.
- frontal sinus a. SYN: opening of frontal sinus.
- inferior pelvic a. SYN: pelvic outlet.
- inferior thoracic a. [TA] the inferior boundary of the bony thorax composed of the twelfth thoracic vertebra and the lower margins of the rib cage and sternum. SYN: apertura thoracis inferior [TA], thoracic outlet (1).
- laryngeal a. SYN: laryngeal inlet.
- lateral a. of fourth ventricle [TA] one of the two lateral openings of the fourth ventricle into the subarachnoid space (the lateral cerebellomedullary cistern) at the cerebellopontine angle. SYN: apertura lateralis ventriculi quarti [TA], foramen lateralis ventriculi quarti, foramen of Key-Retzius, foramen of Luschka, foramen of Retzius.
- a. of mastoid antrum SYN: aditus to mastoid antrum.
- median a. of fourth ventricle [TA] the large midline opening in the posterior inferior part of the roof of the fourth ventricle, connecting the ventricle with the posterior cerebellomedullary cistern. SYN: apertura mediana ventriculi quarti [TA], arachnoid foramen, foramen of Magendie.
- numerical a. (N.A.) defined by the formula n sine a, where n is the refractive index of the medium between the object and objective lens and a is the angle between the central and the marginal ray entering the objective.
- a. of orbit SYN: orbital opening.
- piriform a. [TA] the anterior nasal opening in the skull. SYN: apertura piriformis [TA], piriform opening.
- posterior nasal apertures choanae.
- sphenoidal sinus a. SYN: opening of the sphenoidal sinus.
- superior pelvic a. SYN: pelvic inlet.
- superior thoracic a. [TA] the upper boundary of the bony thorax composed of the first thoracic vertebra and the upper margins of the first ribs and manubrium of the sternum. Note: clinicians refer to the superior thoracic a. as the “thoracic outlet.” as in “thoracic outlet syndrome.” SYN: apertura thoracis superior [TA], thoracic inlet, thoracic outlet (2).
- tympanic a. of canaliculus for chorda tympani [TA] the small canal opening found lateral to the pyramidal eminence in the posterior wall of the middle ear cavity from which the chorda tympani nerve emerges to pass anteriorly between the ossicles accompanied by a branch of the stylomastoid artery. SYN: apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae tympani [TA], tympanic opening of canaliculus for chorda tympani.

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ap·er·ture 'ap-ə(r)-.chu̇(ə)r, -chər, -.t(y)u̇(ə)r n
1) an opening or open space
2) the diameter of the stop in an optical system that determines the diameter of the bundle of rays traversing the instrument

* * *

ap·er·ture (apґər-chər) [L. apertura, q.v.] 1. an opening, or orifice; see also apertura. 2. the diameter of a microscope objective lens or the (adjustable) diameter of the iris diaphragm of a camera lens.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Aperture — Ap er*ture (?; 135), n. [L. apertura, fr. aperire. See {Aperient}.] 1. The act of opening. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall. [1913 Webster] An… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • aperture — index loophole, outlet, portal, rift (gap), split Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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  • aperture — [n] hole breach, break, chasm, chink, cleft, crack, cut, eye, fissure, gap, gash, interstice, opening, orifice, outlet, passage, perforation, pinhole, puncture, rift, rupture, slash, slit, slot, space, vent; concept 757 …   New thesaurus

  • aperture — ► NOUN 1) an opening, hole, or gap. 2) the variable opening by which light enters a camera. ORIGIN Latin apertura, from aperire to open …   English terms dictionary

  • aperture — [ap′ər chər] n. [L apertura < apertus, pp. of aperire, to open < IE * ap wer , to uncover < base * ap(o) away + * wer to close, cover > WARN] 1. an opening; hole; gap 2. the opening, or the diameter of the opening, in a camera,… …   English World dictionary

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