The branch of science concerned with origin and development of humans in all their physical, social, and cultural relationships. [anthropo- + G. logos, treatise]
- applied a. a fusion of modern cultural a. and some aspects of sociology in the study of literate peoples in their cultures and deriving applications therefrom.
- criminal a. a. in relation to the physical and mental characteristics, heredity, and social relations of the criminal. SEE ALSO: criminology.
- cultural a. study of all aspects of culture resulting from human behavior, including, among others, speech and language, systems of thought, social systems, and the artifacts produced by a culture.
- physical a. the study of the physical attributes of human beings.

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an·thro·pol·o·gy .an(t)-thrə-'päl-ə-jē n, pl -gies the science of humans esp the study of humans in relation to distribution, origin, classification, and relationship of races, physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture
an·thro·po·log·i·cal -pə-'läj-i-kəl adj
an·thro·po·log·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
an·thro·pol·o·gist .an(t)-thrə-'päl-ə-jəst n

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an·thro·pol·o·gy (an″thrə-polґə-je) [anthropo- + -ology] the scientific study of human beings, their origins, historical and cultural development, and ethnicity.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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