ultimobranchial cells

ultimobranchial cells
parafollicular c's.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • ultimobranchial body — n a hollow vesicle that is formed from the fourth pharyngeal pouch, may represent a fifth pharyngeal pouch, and gives rise to cells that produce calcitonin and later become incorporated into the thyroid gland in higher vertebrates or persist as… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ultimobranchial body — Infobox Embryology Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Caption2 = System = CarnegieStage = Precursor = fourth pharyngeal pouch GivesRiseTo = parafollicular cells MeshName = Ultimobranchial+body MeshNumber = A13.939… …   Wikipedia

  • ultimobranchial gland — ▪ anatomy       in biology, any of the small bodies in the pharynx that develop behind the fifth pair of gill pouches in the vertebrate embryo. In mammals the ultimobranchial tissue has become incorporated into the parafollicular cells of the… …   Universalium

  • ultimobranchial bodies — embryonic derivatives of the fourth pharyngeal pouches (sometimes described as a rudimentary fifth pouch); they migrate along with the parathyroid glands and are incorporated in the thyroid gland. In vertebrates other than mammals, these remain… …   Medical dictionary

  • parafollicular cells — ovoid cells with an irregular nucleus and many brown or black cytoplasmic granules, located in the follicular epithelium and interfollicular spaces along with the principal cells of the thyroid follicles, in the follicular epithelium and… …   Medical dictionary

  • hormone — hormonal, hormonic /hawr mon ik, moh nik/, adj. /hawr mohn/, n. 1. Biochem. any of various internally secreted compounds, as insulin or thyroxine, formed in endocrine glands, that affect the functions of specifically receptive organs or tissues… …   Universalium

  • endocrine system — Group of ductless glands that secrete hormones necessary for normal growth and development, reproduction, and homeostasis. The major endocrine glands are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, islets of Langerhans, adrenals, parathyroids, ovaries …   Universalium

  • body — 1. The head, neck, trunk, and extremities. The human b., consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra). 2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the …   Medical dictionary

  • Calcitonin — is a 32 amino acid linear polypeptide hormone that is produced in humans primarily by the parafollicular cells (also known as C cells) of the thyroid, and in many other animals in the ultimobranchial body.[1] It acts to reduce blood calcium… …   Wikipedia

  • bone — /bohn/, n., v., boned, boning, adv. n. 1. Anat., Zool. a. one of the structures composing the skeleton of a vertebrate. b. the hard connective tissue forming the substance of the skeleton of most vertebrates, composed of a collagen rich organic… …   Universalium

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