enteroendocrine cells

enteroendocrine cells
a group of APUD cells, which may be divided into a number of populations on the basis of polypeptide hormone and biogenic amine production, found scattered throughout the gastrointestinal epithelium, mainly at the base of the epithelium; their numerous small secretory granules are concentrated chiefly between the nucleus and the cell base. Their secretions affect gastrointestinal motility, pancreatic and biliary secretions, and gastrointestinal epithelial growth, as well as being regulators of other enteroendocrine products. Called also basal granular c's and endocrine c's of the gut.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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