Closely related in its structure and action to ephedrine and other sympathomimetic amines. A psychostimulant substance that can be abused.
- a. (4-chlorophenoxy)acetate same actions and uses as a. sulfate.
- a. phosphate same actions and uses as a. sulfate.
- a. sulfate exerts less vasopressor, cardiac, and bronchial effect than ephedrine, but has a greater central nervous stimulating effect, decreasing the sensation of fatigue; used in the treatment of narcolepsy and certain types of paralysis agitans, and to reduce appetite (temporarily (1–2 weeks) in obesity.

* * *

am·phet·amine am-'fet-ə-.mēn, -mən n a racemic sympathomimetic amine C9H13N or one of its derivatives (as dextroamphetamine or methamphetamine) frequently abused as a stimulant of the central nervous system but used clinically esp. in the form of its sulfate C9H13N·H2SO4 to treat attention deficit disorder and narcolepsy and formerly as a short-term appetite suppressant see BENZEDRINE

* * *

am·phet·a·mine (am-fetґə-mēn″) 1. racemic amphetamine, (±)-α-methylphenethylamine, a sympathomimetic amine that has a stimulating effect on both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It relaxes bronchial muscle, increases heart rate and blood pressure, contracts the sphincter of the urinary bladder, and depresses the appetite. Abuse of this drug and its salts may lead to strong psychic dependence, to marked tolerance, and to mild physical dependence associated with tachycardia, increased blood pressure, restlessness, irritability, insomnia, personality changes, and, in the severe form of chronic intoxication, psychosis similar to schizophrenia. Abrupt withdrawal can cause severe fatigue, mental depression, and abnormalities in the electroencephalogram. 2. any of a group of closely related compounds having similar actions, including amphetamine and its salts, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amphetamine — Amphétamine Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amphétamine (homonymie). Amphétamine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • amphétamine — [ ɑ̃fetamin ] n. f. • v. 1945; probablt de l angl. amphetamine 1938, de a(lpha) m(ethyl) phe(ne)t(hyl)amine ♦ Médicament employé comme excitant du système nerveux central et comme anorexigène ( ex. benzédrine, ecstasy). Dopage aux amphétamines.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Amphetamine — Amphetamine,   zu den Weckaminen zählendes Aufputschmittel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • amphetamine — (n.) 1938, contracted from alphamethyl phenethylamine …   Etymology dictionary

  • amphetamine — [n] hard drug analeptic, benny*, crank*, crystal, dexy*, pep pill*, speed*, stimulant, STP*, tab*, upper*; concept 307 …   New thesaurus

  • amphetamine — ► NOUN ▪ a synthetic drug used illegally as a stimulant. ORIGIN abbreviation of its chemical name …   English terms dictionary

  • amphetamine — ☆ amphetamine [am fet′ə mēn΄, am fet′əmin ] n. [a(lpha )m(ethyl beta )ph(enyl )et(hyl )amine] 1. a colorless, liquid drug, C6H5CH2CH(NH2)CH3, that acts as a stimulant of the central nervous system and is used, usually in its crystalline sulfate… …   English World dictionary

  • Amphetamine — For other uses, see Amphetamine (disambiguation). Amphetamine Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

  • Amphétamine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Amphétamine (homonymie). Amphétamine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • amphetamine — /am fet euh meen , min/, n. Pharm. a racemic drug, C9H13N, that stimulates the central nervous system: used chiefly to lift the mood in depressive states and to control the appetite in cases of obesity. [1935 40; A(LPHA) + M(ETHYL) + PH(ENYL) +… …   Universalium

  • Amphetamine — Allgemeine Strukturformel der Phenylethylamine Phenylalkylamine sind chemische Verbindungen, die vom Phenylethylamin abgeleitet sind. Zahlreiche β Phenylalkylamine besitzen eine weite Verbreitung in der Natur (z. B. Tyramin und Dopamin), während… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”