aliphatic

aliphatic
Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat-), fat, oil]
- a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so-called fatty acid s of the formula R—COOH, where R is a nonaromatic (a.) hydrocarbon.

* * *

al·i·phat·ic .al-ə-'fat-ik adj of, relating to, or being an organic compound (as an alkane or alkene) having an open-chain structure compare ALICYCLIC, AROMATIC (2)

* * *

al·i·phat·ic (al″ĭ-fatґik) [Gr. aleiphar, aleiphatos oil] pertaining to any member of one of the two major groups of organic compounds; those having a straight or branched chain structure. Cf. cyclic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aliphatic — Al i*phat ic, a. [Gr. ?, ?, oil, fat.] (Org. Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; applied to compounds having an open chain structure. The aliphatic compounds thus include not only the fatty acids and other derivatives of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aliphatic — aliphatic. См. алифатический. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • aliphatic — [al΄ə fat′ik] adj. [< Gr aleiphar (gen. aleiphatos), fat, oil + IC] 1. pertaining to a fat or oil 2. of or relating to a major group of organic compounds, structured in open chains, including alkanes (paraffins), alkenes (olefins), and alkynes …   English World dictionary

  • aliphatic — open chain open chain adj. (Chemistry) not cyclic; having no rings of atoms within the molecular structure; having an open chain structure. Opposite of {cyclic}. [Narrower terms: {aliphatic ] Syn: acyclic. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aliphatic —    One of the main groups of hydrocarbons characterized by the straight or branched chain arrangement of constituent atoms. Aliphatic hydrocarbons belong to one of three subgroups: (1) alkanes or paraf fins, all of which are saturated and… …   Forensic science glossary

  • Aliphatic aldoxime dehydratase — In enzymology, an aliphatic aldoxime dehydratase (EC number|4.99.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:an aliphatic aldoxime ightleftharpoons an aliphatic nitrile + H2OHence, this enzyme has one substrate, aliphatic aldoxime, and …   Wikipedia

  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • Aliphatic nitrilase — In enzymology, an aliphatic nitrilase (EC number|3.5.5.7) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:R CN + 2 H2O ightleftharpoons R COOH + NH3Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are R CN and H2O, whereas its two products are R COOH… …   Wikipedia

  • aliphatic amino acids — The naturally occurring amino acids with aliphatic side chains are glycine, alanine, valine, leucine and isoleucine …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • aliphatic compound — ▪ chemical compound       any chemical compound belonging to the organic class in which the atoms are not linked together to form a ring. One of the major structural groups of organic molecules, the aliphatic compounds include the alkanes,… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic compound — alifatinis junginys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Organinis junginys, kurio molekulėje nėra ciklo. atitikmenys: angl. acyclic compound; aliphatic compound rus. алифатическое соединение; ациклическое соединение; соединение жирного ряда… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”