bile acids

bile acids
the organic acids in bile; mostly occurring as bile salts (sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate). They are cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, glycocholic acid, and taurocholic acid.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • bile acids — tulžies rūgštys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Steroidinės hidroksirūgštys, cholio rūgšties dariniai. atitikmenys: angl. bile acids rus. желчные кислоты …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • bile acids — the organic acids in bile; mostly occurring as bile salts (sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate). They are cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, glycocholic acid, and taurocholic acid …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Evolutionary relationships of bile alcohols and bile acids — ▪ Table Evolutionary relationships of bile alcohols and bile acids species bile alcohol or bile acid (trivial name) Elasmobranch fishes Myxine glutinosa (hagfish) 5 b1; cholestane 3 b2;,7 b1;,16 b1;,26 tetrol (myxinol) Mustelus manazo (dogfish) 5 …   Universalium

  • Bile acid — Bile acids (also known as bile salts) are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals. In humans taurocholic acid, and glycocholic acid (derivatives of cholic acid) represent approximately eighty percent of all bile acids. The two… …   Wikipedia

  • Bile — or gall is a bitter yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. In many species, bile is stored in the gallbladder between meals and upon eating is discharged into the duodenum where the bile aids… …   Wikipedia

  • Bile acid resin — Bile acid resins are substances that bind in the intestines with bile acids that contain cholesterol and are then eliminated in the stool. The major effect of bile acid resins is to lower LDL cholesterol by about 10 to 20 percent. Small doses of… …   Medical dictionary

  • bile acid therapy — bile acid replacement therapy administration of bile acids for treatment of hyperliposis …   Medical dictionary

  • bile — /buyl/, n. 1. Physiol. a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, esp. of fats. 2. ill temper; peevishness. 3. Old Physiol. either of two humors associated with anger and… …   Universalium

  • Bile acid sequestrant — The bile acid sequestrants are a group of medications used for binding certain components of bile in the gastrointestinal tract. They disrupt the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids by sequestering them and preventing their reabsorption from… …   Wikipedia

  • bile salt — noun a salt of bile acid and a base; functions as an emulsifier of lipids and fatty acids • Hypernyms: ↑salt * * * noun 1. : a salt of a bile acid; especially : a naturally occurring sodium salt of a conjugated bile acid 2. bile salts …   Useful english dictionary

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