Rathke's pouch

Rathke's pouch
Rath·ke's pouch 'rät-kəz- n a pouch of ectoderm that grows out from the upper surface of the embryonic stomodeum and gives rise to the adenohypophysis of the pituitary gland called also Rathke's pocket
Rathke Martin Heinrich (1793-1860)
German anatomist. Rathke is regarded as one of the founders of modern embryology. In his early researches he discovered embryonic precursors of gills in the embryos of higher animals that lack gills as adults. He is best known for his discovery of branchial clefts and branchial arches in the embryos of birds and land animals. He followed the embryological history of these structures and found that the branchial clefts disappear eventually and that the blood vessels adapt themselves to the lungs. He also described and compared the development of the air sacs in birds and the larynx in birds and mammals. In 1838 he published an important study of the pituitary gland and in the following year discovered a diverticulum arising from the embryonic buccal cavity. This embryonic structure is now known as Rathke's pouch.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Rathke's pouch — Infobox Embryology Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = 275 GrayPage = 1277 Caption = Sketches in profile of two stages in the development of the human digestive tube. Caption2 = CarnegieStage = 10 Precursor = GivesRiseTo = anterior pituitary… …   Wikipedia

  • rathke's pouch — ˈrätkəz noun also rathke s pocket Usage: usually capitalized R Etymology: after Martin H. Rathke died 1860 German anatomist : a pouch of ectoderm that grows out from the upper surface of the embryonic stomodaeum and gives rise to the anterior… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rathke's pouch — /raht keuhz/, Embryol. an invagination of stomodeal ectoderm developing into the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Also called Rathke s pocket. [1940 45; named after Martin Heinrich Rathke (1793 1860), German anatomist] * * * …   Universalium

  • Rathke's pouch — an embryonic invagination of the stomodeal ectoderm (roof of the embryonic mouth) which migrates dorsally to come into contact with diencephalon. It differentiates into the anterior pituitary gland or adenohypohysis. It becomes a blind naso… …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Rathke's pouch — see craniopharyngioma …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Rathke, Martin H — ▪ German anatomist born Aug. 25, 1793, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdańsk, Pol.] died Sept. 3, 1860, Königsberg [now Kaliningrad, Russia]       German anatomist who first described the gill slits and gill arches in the embryos of mammals and birds. He… …   Universalium

  • pouch of rathke — Usage: usually capitalized R : rathke s pouch …   Useful english dictionary

  • rathke's pocket — noun see rathke s pouch …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rathke cysts — Rathke cleft cysts groups of epithelial cells forming small colloid filled cysts in the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland; they are vestiges of Rathke pouch and are closely related to craniopharyngiomas. Called also craniobuccal c s and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Rathke tumor — Rathke pouch tumor craniopharyngioma …   Medical dictionary

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