occupational therapy

occupational therapy
occupational therapy n therapy based on engagement in meaningful activities of daily life (as self-care skills, education, work, or social interaction) esp. to enable or encourage participation in such activities despite impairments or limitations in physical or mental functioning

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the treatment of physical and psychiatric conditions by encouraging patients to undertake specific selected activities that will help them to reach their maximum level of function and independence in all aspects of daily life. These activities are designed to make the best use of the patient's capabilities and are based on individual requirements. They range from woodwork, metalwork, and printing to pottery and other artistic activities, household management, social skills (for psychiatric patients), and leisure activities (for geriatic patients). Occupational therapy also includes assessment for mechanical aids and adaptations in the home.

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the therapeutic use of self-care, work, and play activities to increase function, enhance development, and prevent disability; it may include modification of tasks or the environment to enable the patient to achieve maximum independence and to enhance the quality of the patient's life.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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