Laennec's cirrhosis

Laennec's cirrhosis
Laen·nec's cirrhosis or Laën·nec's cirrhosis 'lā-neks- n hepatic cirrhosis in which increased connective tissue spreads out from the portal spaces compressing and distorting the lobules, causing impairment of liver function, and ultimately producing the typical hobnail liver called also portal cirrhosis
Laen·nec lȧ-en-ek René-Théophile-Hyacinthe (1781-1826)
French physician. Laennec is usually regarded as one of the great clinicians of all time and as the father of chest medicine. A foremost authority on tuberculosis, he established that all phthisis is tuberculous. He described pneumothorax and distinguished pneumonia from the various kinds of bronchitis and from pleurisy. He is also credited with inventing the stethoscope; his primitive device was a wooden cylinder about a foot long. For three years he studied patients' chest sounds and correlated them with the diseases found on autopsy. In 1819 he published his findings in a work on auscultation with the aid of a stethoscope. It was in that work he described Laennec's cirrhosis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Laennec's cirrhosis — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|571.2 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = Laennec s cirrhosis is named after René Laennec,cite journal |author=Duffin JM |title=Why does… …   Wikipedia

  • laennec's cirrhosis — (ˈ)lā]|nek(s) , (ˈ)le], |läˌā] noun Usage: usually capitalized L Etymology: after René T. H. Laënnec died 1826 French physician : hepatic cirrhosis in which increased connective tissue spreads out from the portal spaces compressing and distorting …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cirrhosis — Classification and external resources A person with massive ascites and caput medusae due to cirrhotic liver failure ICD 10 K …   Wikipedia

  • Laënnec, René-Théophile-Hyacinthe — ▪ French physician born Feb. 17, 1781, Quimper, Brittany, France died Aug. 13, 1826, Kerlouanec  French physician who invented the stethoscope and perfected the art of auditory examination of the chest cavity.       When Laënnec was five years… …   Universalium

  • cirrhosis — (n.) 1840s, coined in Modern Latin by French physician René Théophile Hyacinthe Laennec (1781 1826) with OSIS (Cf. osis) and Gk. kirrhos tawny, of unknown origin. So called for the orange yellow appearance of the diseased liver …   Etymology dictionary

  • cirrhosis — [sə rō′sis] n. pl. cirrhoses [sə rō′sēz΄] [ModL < Gr kirrhos, tawny + OSIS: so named by R. T. H. Laënnec (1781 1826), Fr physician, because of the orange yellow appearance of the diseased liver] a degenerative disease in an organ of the body,… …   English World dictionary

  • cirrhosis — Endstage liver disease characterized by diffuse damage to hepatic parenchymal cells, with nodular regeneration, fibrosis, and disturbance of normal architecture; associated with failure in the function …   Medical dictionary

  • cirrhosis — cirrhotic /si rot ik/, adj. cirrhosed, adj. /si roh sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup. [1830 40; < Gk kirrh(ós) orange tawny + OSIS] * * *… …   Universalium

  • Laënnec — René T.H., French physician, 1781–1826. See L. cirrhosis, L. pearls, under pearl …   Medical dictionary

  • René Laennec — Infobox Scientist name = René Laennec box width = image size = 250px caption = René Laennec birth date = February 17, 1781 birth place = Quimper, Brittany death date = August 13, 1826 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = French… …   Wikipedia

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