: The mucus material from the lungs that a person coughs up.
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1. Expectorated matter, especially mucus or mucopurulent matter expectorated in diseases of the air passages. SEE ALSO: expectoration (1). 2. An individual mass of such matter. [L. s., fr. spuo, pp. sputus, to spit]
- s. aerogenosum a green expectoration seen occasionally in jaundice, due to staining of the s. by bile pigments. SYN: green s..
- globular s. SYN: nummular s..
- green s. SYN: s. aerogenosum.
- nummular s. a thick, coherent mass expectorated in globular shape which does not run at the bottom of the cup but forms a discoid mass resembling a coin. SYN: globular s..
- prune-juice s. a thin reddish expectoration, characteristic of necrosis of lung tissue, usually by infection; due to hemorrhage caused by destruction of the lung parenchyma; sometimes seen with lung tumors. SYN: prune-juice expectoration.
- rusty s. a reddish brown, blood-stained expectoration characteristic of lobar pneumonococcal pneumonia.

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spu·tum 'sp(y)üt-əm n, pl spu·ta the matter discharged from the air passages in diseases of the lungs, bronchi, or upper respiratory tract that contains mucus and often pus, blood, fibrin, or bacterial products

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material coughed up from the respiratory tract. Its characteristics, including colour, consistency, volume, smell, and the appearance of any solid material within it, often provide important information affecting the diagnosis and management of respiratory disease. Pathological examination of sputum for microorganisms and for abnormal cells may add further information.

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spu·tum (spuґtəm) [L.] matter ejected from the respiratory tract through the mouth. Called also expectoration.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sputum — Spu tum (sp[=u] t[u^]m), n.; pl. {Sputa} ( t[.a]). [L., from spuere, sputum, to spit.] That which is expectorated; a salival discharge; spittle; saliva. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sputum — 1690s, from L. sputum, noun use of neuter pp. of spuere to spit (see SPEW (Cf. spew)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sputum — spùtum m DEFINICIJA fiziol. iskašljavanjem ispljunuta smjesa sline i sadržaja dišnih putova; ispljuvak ETIMOLOGIJA lat. sputum …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sputum — (Sputa, lat.), Auswurf mittelst des Mundes, vgl. Spucken; S. cruentum, blutiger Auswurf, Bluthusten; S. oris, der Speichelfluß; S. pectŏris, Herzensergießung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Spūtum — (lat.), der Auswurf …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sputum — (lat.), Auswurf …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sputum — Sputum,das:⇨Auswurf(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • sputum — ► NOUN ▪ a mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract. ORIGIN Latin, from spuere to spit …   English terms dictionary

  • sputum — [spyo͞ot′əm] n. pl. sputa [spyo͞ot′ə] [L, that which is spit out < sputus, pp. of spuere, to SPIT2] saliva, usually mixed with mucus from the respiratory tract, ejected from the mouth …   English World dictionary

  • Sputum — SignSymptom infobox Name = Abnormal sputum ICD10 = ICD10|R|09|3|r|00 ICD9 = ICD9|786.4 Sputum is matter that is expectorated from the respiratory tract, such as mucus or phlegm, mixed with saliva, which can then be spat from the mouth. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Sputum — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 R09. Sonstige Symptome, die das Kreislaufsystem und das Atmungssystem betreffen R09.3 Abnormes Sputum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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