The key elements of an organ essential to its functioning, as distinct from the capsule that encompasses it and other supporting structures. The parenchyma is thus opposed to the connective tissue framework, or stroma, of an organ. The parenchyma of the testis consists of what are called the seminiferous tubules. The Greek word "parenchyma" means "that which is poured in." It reflects the ancient (and erroneous) idea that the inner substance of solid organs like the liver, spleen and kidneys was formed by blood that was poured into it. The word is pronounced "pa-ren-ki-ma" with the "y" in "parenchyma" pronounced as a short "i" rather than as "eye."
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1. The distinguishing or specific cells of a gland or organ, contained in and supported by the connective tissue framework, or stroma. 2. The endoplasm of a protozoan cell. [G. anything poured in beside, fr. parencheo, to pour in beside]
- p. glandulae thyroideae [TA] SYN: p. of thyroid gland.
- p. prostatae [TA] SYN: p. of prostate.
- p. of prostate [TA] the basis cellular tissue (substance) composing the prostate. SYN: p. prostatae [TA].
- p. testis [TA] SYN: p. of testis.
- p. of testis [TA] the basic cellular tissue substance composing the testis, consisting of the seminiferous tubules and interstitial cells (Leydig and Sertoli cells) located within the lobules. SYN: p. testis [TA].
- p. of thyroid gland [TA] the basic cellular tissue (substance) composing the thyroid gland, organized as follicles. SYN: p. glandulae thyroideae [TA].

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pa·ren·chy·ma pə-'reŋ-kə-mə n the essential and distinctive tissue of an organ or an abnormal growth as distinguished from its supportive framework

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the functional part of an organ, as opposed to the supporting tissue (stroma).

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pa·ren·chy·ma (pə-rengґkĭ-mə) [Gr. “anything poured in beside”] the essential elements of an organ; in anatomical nomenclature this refers to its functional elements as distinguished from its framework, the stroma. parenchymal, parenchymatous adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Parenchyma — is a term used to describe a bulk of a substance. It is used in different ways in animals and in plants.The term is New Latin, from Greek parenkhuma , visceral flesh, from parenkhein , to pour in beside : para , beside + en , in + khein, to pour …   Wikipedia

  • parenchyma — pa*ren chy*ma (p[.a]*r[e^][ng] k[i^]*m[.a]), n. [NL., from Gr. pare gchyma, fr. paregchei^n to pour in beside; para beside + en in + chei^n to pour: cf. F. parenchyme.] (Biol.) The soft cellular substance of the tissues of plants and animals,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • parenchyma — parenchyma. См. паренхима. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Parenchȳma — (gr.), 1) das Gewebe, woraus Drüsen u. Eingeweide, bes. dichte Substanz, wie Leber, Nieren, gebildet sind, in denen keine eigentliche muskulöse Bildung unterschieden wird. Daher Parenchymatös, von solcher Bildung; 2) die zwischen der Rinde u. dem …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • parenchyma — (n.) 1650s, Modern Latin, from Gk. parenkhyma something poured in beside, from para beside (see PARA (Cf. para )) + enkhyma infusion. In ancient physiology, the stuff that was supposed to make up the liver, lungs, etc., which was believed to be… …   Etymology dictionary

  • parenchyma — [pə reŋ′ki mə, pəren′ki mə] n. [ModL < Gr, anything poured in beside < para , beside (see PARA 1) + enchyma, infusion < enchein, to pour in < en , in + cheein, to pour: see FOUND3] 1. Anat. the essential or functional tissue of an… …   English World dictionary

  • parenchyma — parenchymal, parenchymatous /par euhng kim euh teuhs/, adj. /peuh reng keuh meuh/, n. 1. Bot. the fundamental tissue of plants, composed of thin walled cells able to divide. 2. Anat., Zool. the specific tissue of an animal organ as distinguished… …   Universalium

  • Parenchyma — funkcinis audinys statusas T sritis histologija atitikmenys: lot. Parenchyma ryšiai: platesnis terminas – bendrieji terminai sinonimas – parenchyma …   Medicininės histologijos ir embriologijos vardynas

  • parenchyma — pa•ren•chy•ma [[t]pəˈrɛŋ kə mə[/t]] n. 1) bot the fundamental tissue of plants, composed of thin walled cells able to divide 2) anat. zool. the functional tissue of an animal organ as distinguished from its connective or supporting tissue 3) zool …   From formal English to slang

  • Parenchyma — audinys, atliekantis organui būdingą funkciją statusas T sritis histologija, ląstelių chemija, histologinė chemija, audinių kultūra atitikmenys: lot. Parenchyma ryšiai: platesnis terminas – pagrindiniai terminai sinonimas – parenchima …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

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