The presence of a parasite in the blood. For example, malarial parasitemia. Parasitemia is analogous to bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the blood) and viremia (the presence of a virus in the blood). Parasitemia, bacteremia and viremia are all forms of sepsis (bloodstream infection). The term "parasitemia" was compounded from "parasite" and "-emia" (in the blood).
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The presence of parasites in the circulating blood; used especially with reference to malarial and other protozoan forms, and microfilariae.

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par·a·sit·emia or chiefly Brit par·a·sit·ae·mia .par-ə-.sī-'tē-mē-ə n a condition in which parasites are present in the blood used esp. to indicate the presence of parasites without clinical symptoms <an afebrile \parasitemia of malaria>

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par·a·si·te·mia (par″ə-si-teґme-ə) the presence of parasites in the blood, such as malarial parasites or other protozoa.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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