Orphan disease

Orphan disease
A rare disease. In the United States, an orphan disease is one that affects fewer than 200,000 people. There are more than 5,000 such rare disorders. But taken together, they affect approximately 20 million Americans. One in every 12 individuals in the U.S. has an orphan disease.

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or·phan disease 'ȯr-fən- n a disease which affects a relatively small number of individuals and for which no drug therapy has been developed because the small market would make the research and the drug unprofitable

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • orphan disease — noun Any extremely rare disease • • • Main Entry: ↑orphan …   Useful english dictionary

  • Orphan Disease — Als seltene Krankheiten (auch orphan disease; engl. orphan „Waise“, disease „Krankheit“) bezeichnet man Krankheiten, die so selten auftreten, dass sie in einer Praxis eines Allgemeinmediziners in der Regel höchstens einmal pro Jahr vorkommen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • orphan disease — /ɔfən dəˈziz/ (say awfuhn duh zeez) noun a rare disease with numbers of sufferers too low to attract the interest of the pharmaceutical companies for whom development of treatments would not be profitable …  

  • Orphan drug — An orphan drug is a pharmaceutical agent that has been developed specifically to treat a rare medical condition, the condition itself being referred to as an orphan disease. The assignment of orphan status to a disease and to any drugs developed… …   Wikipedia

  • Orphan Drug Act of 1983 — The Orphan Drug Act of 1983 is a law passed in the United States designed to facilitate the development and commercialization of drugs to treat rare diseases, termed orphan drugs. Orphan drug designation does not indicate that the therapeutic is… …   Wikipedia

  • Orphan (disambiguation) — For orphaned articles in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Orphan An orphan is one who has lost both parents. Orphan may also refer to: Orphan (car), an automobile (or other vehicle) built by a manufacturer that either no longer exists or has been… …   Wikipedia

  • orphan drug — (OR.fin drug) n. A drug used to treat a rare disease and for which the manufacturer receives special tax credits and marketing rights as an incentive to develop the drug. Example Citation: In 1983, hoping to encourage research, the government… …   New words

  • orphan drug — /ɔfən ˈdrʌg/ (say awfuhn drug) noun a medicine, vaccine, etc., which is intended to treat an orphan disease, and which, because it is not commercially viable, often requires special dispensation from regulation and government support to ensure… …  

  • orphan — [ôr′fən] n. [LL(Ec) orphanus < Gr orphanos < IE base * orbho , orphan > L orbus, bereft, Ger erbe, inheritance, arbeit, work, Czech robotnik, serf] a child whose father and mother are dead: sometimes applied to a child who has lost only… …   English World dictionary

  • Disease registry — Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals.[1] Registries are different …   Wikipedia

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