phospholipid

phospholipid
A lipid containing phosphorus, thus including the lecithins and other phosphatidyl derivatives, sphingomyelin, and plasmalogens; the basic constituents of biomembranes.

* * *

phos·pho·lip·id -'lip-əd also phos·pho·lip·ide -.īd n any of numerous lipids (as lecithins and phosphatidylethanolamines) in which phosphoric acid as well as a fatty acid is esterified to glycerol and which are found in all living cells and in the bilayers of cell membranes called also phosphatide, phospholipin

* * *

n.
a lipid containing a phosphate group as part of the molecule. Phospholipids are constituents of all tissues and organs, especially the brain. They are synthesized in the liver and small intestine and are involved in many of the body's metabolic processes. Examples of phospholipids are cephalin, lecithin, plasmalogens, and phosphatidylserine.

* * *

phos·pho·lip·id (fos″fo-lipґid) any lipid that contains phosphorus, including those with a glycerol backbone (phosphoglycerides and plasmalogens) or a backbone of sphingosine or related substance (sphingomyelins). Phospholipids are the major form of lipid in all cell membranes.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • phospholipid —  Phospholipid  Фосфолипид   Сложные липиды, эфиры (сложные) многоатомных спиртов и высших жирных кислот. Содержат остаток фосфорной кислоты и соединенную с ней добавочную группу атомов различной химической природы. Фосфолипиды являются составной… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • phospholipid — or phospholipide [fäs΄fō lip′īd΄fäs΄fō lip′id] n. [ PHOSPHO + LIPID] any of a group of lipids that contain a phosphate ester as part of the structure and yield on hydrolysis phosphoric acid, an alcohol, fatty acid, and a nitrogenous base: found… …   English World dictionary

  • Phospholipid — Phospholipids are a class of lipids and are a major component of all biological membranes. All phospholipids contain a diglyceride, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule such as choline. TOC Amphipathic characterThe head of a… …   Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — /fos foh lip id/, n. Biochem. any of a group of fatty compounds, as lecithin, composed of phosphoric esters, and occurring in living cells. Also called phosphatide, phospholipide /fos foh lip uyd/, phospholipin /fos foh lip in/. [1925 30; PHOSPHO …   Universalium

  • phospholipid — fosfolipidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Lipidas, kurio sudėtyje yra H₃PO₄ fragmentų. atitikmenys: angl. phospholipid rus. фосфолипид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Phospholipid-Transferprotein — Masse/Länge Primärstruktur 476 Aminosäuren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phospholipid-Hydroxyperoxid-Glutathion-Peroxidase — Vorhandene Strukturdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phospholipid-derived fatty acids — (PLFA) are widely used in microbial ecology as chemotaxonomic markers of bacteria and other organisms. Phospholipids are the primary lipids composing cellular membranes. They can be esterified to many types of fatty acids. Once the phospholipids… …   Wikipedia

  • Phospholipid-translocating ATPase — In enzymology, a phospholipid translocating ATPase (EC number|3.6.3.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ATP + H2O + phospholipidin ightleftharpoons ADP + phosphate + phospholipidoutThe 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, H2O,… …   Wikipedia

  • Phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase — In enzymology, a phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (EC number|1.11.1.12) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:2 glutathione + a lipid hydroperoxide ightleftharpoons glutathione disulfide + lipid + 2 H2OThus, the two… …   Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — noun Date: 1928 any of numerous lipids (as lecithins and phosphatidylethanolamines) in which phosphoric acid as well as a fatty acid is esterified to glycerol and which are found in all living cells and in the bilayers of cell membranes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”