parasympathomimetic

parasympathomimetic
Relating to drugs or chemicals having an action resembling that caused by stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. SEE ALSO: cholinomimetic. [para- + G. sympatheia, sympathy, + mimetikos, imitative]

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para·sym·pa·tho·mi·met·ic .par-ə-.sim-pə-(.)thō-mī-'met-ik, -mə- adj simulating parasympathetic nervous action in physiological effect compare SYMPATHOMIMETIC
parasympathomimetic n a parasympathomimetic agent (as a drug)

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n.
a drug that has the effect of stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system. The actions of parasympathomimetic drugs are cholinergic (resembling those of acetylcholine) and include stimulation of skeletal muscle, vasodilatation, depression of heart rate, increasing the tension of smooth muscle, increasing secretions (such as saliva), and constricting the pupil of the eye. They are used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis (see anticholinesterase), glaucoma (see miotic), and urinary retention (e.g. carbachol, bethanechol).

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para·sym·pa·tho·mi·met·ic (par″ə-sim″pə-tho-mĭ-metґik) [parasympathetic + -mimetic] 1. producing effects resembling those of stimulation of the parasympathetic nerve supply to a part. 2. cholinergic (def. 2).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • parasympathomimetic — [par΄əsim΄pə thō΄mi met′ik] adj. [< PARASYMPATHETIC + MIMETIC] having an effect similar to that produced when the parasympathetic nervous system is stimulated: said of drugs, chemicals, etc …   English World dictionary

  • parasympathomimetic — 1. adjective Acting by stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system. 2. noun A parasympathomimetic drug …   Wiktionary

  • parasympathomimetic — n. a drug that has the effect of stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system. The actions of parasympathomimetic drugs are cholinergic (resembling those of acetylcholine) and include stimulation of skeletal muscle, vasodilatation, depression… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • parasympathomimetic — adjective having an effect similar to that resulting from stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system parasympathomimetic drugs slow the heart rate • Pertains to noun: ↑parasympathetic nervous system …   Useful english dictionary

  • Parasympathomimetic drug — A parasympathomimetic drug is a drug or poison that acts by stimulating or mimicking the parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS).cite web |url=http://www.mercksource.com/pp/us/cns/cns hl dorlands split.jsp?pg=/ppdocs/us/common/dorlands/dorland/six/0… …   Wikipedia

  • parasympathomimetic — adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1942 simulating parasympathetic nervous action in physiological effect …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • parasympathomimetic — para·sym·pa·tho·mimetic …   English syllables

  • parasympathomimetic —    A substance that mimics some major aspects of parasympathetic function. EXAMPLES: Amanita muscaria mushrooms, Pilocarpine, Lobelia …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • Средство Парасимпатомиметическое (Parasympathomimetic) — лекарственное вещество, стимулирующее активность парасимпатической нервной системы. Парасимпатомиметическис лекарственные вещества оказывают на организм человека холинергическое (cholinergic) действие (сходное с действием ацетилхолина), вызывая… …   Медицинские термины

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