A system of names as of anatomic structures, organisms, used in any science. [L. nomenclatura, a listing of names, fr. nomen, name, + calo, to proclaim]
- binary n., binomial n. SYN: linnaean system of n..
- Cleland n. a n. for representing the binding mechanisms of enzyme-catalyzed reactions; in this n., substrates are represented by the letters A, B, C, etc., while products are represented by P, Q, R, etc., enzyme by E, and modified forms of the enzyme by F, G, etc.; in addition, the number of substrates or products is represented by uni, bi, ter, etc.; thus, an aminotransferase reaction ( e.g., alanine transaminase) has a ping-pong bi bi mechanism, and glutamine synthetase has been reported to have a random ter ter mechanism. See also entries under subentries under mechanism.

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no·men·cla·ture 'nō-mən-.klā-chəralso nō-'men-klə-.chu̇(ə)r, -'meŋ-, -klə-chər, -klə-.t(y)u̇(ə)r n a system of terms used in a particular science esp an international system of standardized New Latin names used in biology for kinds and groups of kinds of animals and plants see BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE
no·men·cla·tur·al .nō-mən-'klāch-(ə-)rəl adj
no·men·cla·tur·al·ly adv

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no·men·cla·ture (noґmən-kla″chər) [nomen + calare to call] a classified system of names, as of anatomical structures, organisms, etc. See Terminologia Anatomica.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • nomenclature — [ nɔmɑ̃klatyr ] n. f. • 1559; lat. nomenclatura « action d appeler (calare) par le nom (nomen) » 1 ♦ Ensemble des termes employés dans une science, une technique, un art..., méthodiquement classés; méthode de classement de ces termes. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nomenclature — No men*cla ture, n. [L. nomenclatura: cf. F. nomenclature. See {Nomenclator}.] 1. A name. [Obs.] Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. A vocabulary, dictionary, or glossary. [R.] [1913 Webster] 3. The technical names used in any particular branch of science… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nomenclature — (n.) c.1600, a name, from M.Fr. nomenclature (16c.), from L. nomenclatura calling of names, from nomenclator namer, from nomen name (see NAME (Cf. name) (n.)) + calator caller, crier, from calare call out (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • nomenclature — index call (title), classification, denomination Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • nomenclature — [n] vocabulary classification, codification, glossary, locution, phraseology, taxonomy, terminology; concepts 275,276,683 …   New thesaurus

  • nomenclature — ► NOUN 1) the selecting of names for things in a particular field. 2) a body or system of names. 3) formal the term or terms applied to someone or something. DERIVATIVES nomenclatural adjective. ORIGIN Latin nomenclatura, from nomen name +… …   English terms dictionary

  • nomenclature — [nō′mən klā΄chər; ] also, and chiefly Brit [, nō men′klə chər] n. [L nomenclatura: see NOMENCLATOR] 1. the system or set of names used in a specific branch of learning or activity, as in biology for plants and animals, or for the parts of a… …   English World dictionary

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  • Nomenclature — Une nomenclature désigne une instance de classification (code, tableau, liste, règles d attribution d identité...) faisant autorité et servant de référence à une discipline donnée. Le mot et l idée viennent directement du latin nomenclatura… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nomenclature EC — La nomenclature EC (EC est le sigle de Enzyme Commission numbers, la Commission des enzymes) est une classification numérique des enzymes, basée sur la réaction chimique qu elles catalysent. En tant que système de nomenclature des enzymes, chaque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nomenclature — (no man kla tu r ) s. f. 1°   Ensemble des mots d un dictionnaire.    Catalogue de plusieurs mots les plus ordinaires d une langue, pour en faciliter l usage à ceux à qui on l enseigne. 2°   Collection des mots employés pour désigner les… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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