isotype

isotype
An antigenic determinant (marker) that occurs in all members of a class or subclass in the heavy chains of an immunoglobulin or in the type and subtype of light chains of an immunoglobulin molecule. Whereas a given allotypic marker or determinant is thought to occur in only one subclass, an antigenic marker that is isotypic in one subclass may also occur as an allotypic marker in another subclass. [iso- + G. typos, model]

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iso·type 'ī-sə-.tīp n any of the categories of antibodies determined by their physicochemical properties (as molecular weight) and antigenic characteristics that occur in all individuals of a species compare ALLOTYPE, IDIOTYPE
iso·typ·ic .ī-sə-'tip-ik adj

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iso·type (iґso-tīp) an immunoglobulin heavy or light chain class or subclass characterized by antigenic determinants (isotypic markers) in the constant region. Every normal individual expresses all of the isotypes of its species. Cf. allotype and idiotype. isotypic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Isotype — can refer to: * In crystallography, an Isotype is a synonym for isomorph * In biology, per the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the Isotype is a duplicate of the holotype. * Isotype (pictograms), a system of pictograms designed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Isotype — (Englisch: International System of Typographic Picture Education; Deutsch: Internationales System der Erziehung durch Bilder) wurde von dem österreichischen Pädagogen und Philosophen Otto Neurath in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Grafiker Gerd Arntz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • isotype — ● isotype adjectif Qui est doué d isotypie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • isotype — I. ˈ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ at iso + ˌtīp noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary is + type 1. a. : an animal or plant or group common to two or more countries or life regions b …   Useful english dictionary

  • isotype — (1) Applied to a set of macromolecules sharing some features in common. In immunology isotype describes the class, subclass, light chain type and subtype of an immunoglobulin. (2) Antigenic determinant that is uniquely present in individuals of a …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • isotype — /uy seuh tuyp /, n. 1. a drawing, diagram, or other symbol that represents a specific quantity of or other fact about the thing depicted: Every isotype of a house on that chart represents a thousand new houses. 2. a statistical graph, chart,… …   Universalium

  • Isotype (pictograms) — In graphic design and sociology, an Isotype is a system of pictograms designed by the Austrian educator and philosopher Otto Neurath, an active member of the Vienna Circle, in collaboration with the illustrator Gerd Arntz to communicate… …   Wikipedia

  • Isotype (pictogrammes) — Extrait de Basic by Isotype de Neurath, 1937 L Isotype (anglais : International System of TYpographic Picture Education, français : Systeme international d éducation par les images typographiques) est un langage visuel international… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isotype-Übergang — izotipinė sandūra statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. isotype junction vok. Isotype Übergang, m rus. изотипный переход, m pranc. jonction isotype, f …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • isotype junction — izotipinė sandūra statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. isotype junction vok. Isotype Übergang, m rus. изотипный переход, m pranc. jonction isotype, f …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • Isotype (immunology) — In immunology, the immunoglobulin isotype refers to the genetic variations or differences in the constant regions of the heavy and light chains of the Ig (immunoglobulins)classes and sub classes. In humans, there are nine isotypes:* heavy chain… …   Wikipedia

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